Transcript for A Story of Hope in Mexico
This past -- the world hit a milestone seven billion people reaching the last billion took only a dozen years. But keep in mind that women who have a large number of children. Are -- dramatically increased risk as our own doctor Richard Bassett knows too well. And that's right you know tonight we've been talking about life and death at the time of delivery. But I'm sure a lot of people are wondering if there's solutions that could be down nine months earlier. I'm talking about him. Everywhere we travel -- to report our story we found women desperate for help. In in search of solutions. So desperate that this woman in Kenya. Went behind her husband's -- he had a long term contraceptive injection just to keep from having another child. In -- Sierra Leone a mother of -- -- -- village killers pollution trying to make her -- go away. There are an estimated 215. Million women globally who want access to contraception. And can't get a leaving them to have -- and graffiti after being in a higher risk of death. But in Mexico we found in a different story. -- story. -- This Catholic country three years ago fertility rate for sky high there's been a dramatic change. And widespread contraception. Smaller families. Fewer women dying child -- I travel deep into rural Mexico. And we -- at this roadside stand. This has got. To meet a woman -- is on the front lines of this email revolution -- average investor. Woodruff -- -- when he seven year old Guadalupe they Garcia on the rest she invited me to visit Herman -- Indian village. The young mother and determined to keep others from having his storied lakers just can't the Annie ENS yeah. Threes in -- too many sit. And one home -- is a tiny village of roughly 5000 people. Many only reachable like dirt road. -- -- -- -- -- mother had six children. And only a first grade education. Many of the women who live here get married as early as thirteen and have six to ten -- -- -- our family. Who decides how many children -- -- -- it -- it says the majority of the time is not always the man -- don't want these guys how many children. In education and contraception. It's all up to the men she says hey yeah. Guadalupe they defied those traditions and got her college degree and now she's dedicating her life he can win -- -- reports. And. She holds workshops here yeah I'm talking about topics that were once taboo. Sentencing and pregnancy. Yeah. They kiss -- and the message that the Mexican government has been advocating for years smaller families live better. Mexico City home to 22 million people it's the largest most didn't sitting in the western -- Imagine this city if women had no access to payment plan and fortunately they've had Access Hollywood 48. Campbell's name have been some -- don't think he got in the early seventies Mexico's with the bursting at the -- the population would double every twenty years. Every twenty years and -- Mexico another Mexico exactly. Julio from Mexico's former Minister of Health -- -- how the population. Threaten the country's future content to have the schools -- where he killed those children's hospitals to treat them. View of the environment we would deteriorate. So the Mexican government's handling -- and national priority will be opened clinics offer free access to birth -- -- -- The -- are reaching television. Started sex education in elementary school get -- that was just a little. And it's and college students boarded -- with pamphlets. Mexican constitution was amended to recognize. There's -- -- person. Has the right to freely decide the number and spacing of his or her children. This is next. The largest non government provider of reproductive health services. Doctor Pablo he seuss let me shadow him for a day in -- not both vehicles that get. He tells me that having large families is now almost the social stigma many parts of the country. Back in the seventies Mexican women had an average of seven point two kids. Today they average to point two. I met Sylvia her mother had five children. Her grandmother ten and her great grandmother eighteen. She's the mother for -- zero. We think. I'm having fewer children has -- the difference for nearly every woman I spoke to a decline -- according to Marcel in Missouri director of Mexicans. More than three quarters of all Mexican women use some form of birth control and yet despite this remarkable progress. Many women she says in the insurgency -- in the culture ruled by men. How does birth control threaten -- -- well they feel that they are not enough men but they don't have and adopt children. I watch that but she's -- an action when this couple came -- to discuss contraception after the birth of their son. The doctor spoke only to hear leaving her almost completely out of the discussion win the call police there. Then the -- this always hope make their decisions. Men and women especially women being empowered to you the kind of full feeling -- back to me is the larger concept off reproductive health. I'm probably the single most important thing we can do -- -- education for girls. A new kind of future. I -- control of their lives. While -- they decided to have only two -- -- even the women in her remote village are starting to hear her message. Ultimately about having a family but not this moment to look what I want to do this to finish my studies. And simple decisions they may end up saving their lives. A rich -- is all about solutions -- night and as you well know we decided to enlist the imagination. -- smartest people in this country all the kids out there. Kids at colleges and universities to see if they could come up with -- inventions no one had thought of before small solutions we teamed up with the do global health institute. And students at Johns Hopkins one way to go Johns Hopkins. It's pretty incredible this simple -- They created and they created it's basically a laboratory you can carry in your pocket you put a drop of a woman's -- onto the a piece of Paper. One stroke with this -- we'll tell you when they have protein in their -- That could mean had a Clancy which is one of the leading killers of women at the time delivery.
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