But Chávez also had several advantages throughout the campaign, including the ability to spend large amounts of money on social programs that would garner him political support. The president also had more time in local media than Capriles, as he implemented an old media law that obliges TV stations and radio stations around the country to show speeches or events that he considered to be issues of national interest.
Chávez has been elected for a six year term that ends in 2019. But doubts about his health, and on his ability to serve out this six-year term remain. Chávez was operated for an unspecified form of cancer in July of 2011, and for another tumor in his pelvic area earlier this year.
If Chávez were to die in office during the first four years of his term, new elections would have to be held within 30 days. At this moment there is no clear successor to the Venezuela president within Chávez's United Sociality Party of Venezuela.