Transcript for Dec. 2, 1992: Elie Wiesel Visits Bosnia
One thing is common to all dictatorships. They present the illusion of stability. Mussolini made -- Italy's trains run on time. Hitler put millions of unemployed Germans back to work. Stalin and Khrushchev and Brezhnev -- the ethnic rivalries of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe under control. What should never be forgotten of course it is the enormous price that was paid to -- those illusions of efficiency and stability. That is particularly relevant now or as young Germans play with matches around the dry -- of -- -- in that country. And as the world community struggles importantly for the time being at least to bring an end to the bloodshed of ethnic fighting in what was Yugoslavia. No wonder should rush to exchange one disaster for another. Which is why perhaps there was some small -- wistful hope. That the mission of one gentleman who seeks nothing but an end to pain and violence in the world. Might achieve something if he went to visit Bosnia. They leave -- was accompanied on his trip by a number of journalists among them Nightline producer Deanna Lee and Nightline correspondent. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Friday November 20 -- The Nobel Peace Prize winning author and philosopher -- cells this flying towards heartbreak. Who. -- -- -- -- -- -- Today what was once Yugoslavia it was all heartbreak. Deadly force trying to head off the secession of Slovenia in June 1991. Through the decimation by Serb forces of the Croatian city of Vukovar in November 91. To the latest exchanges in the eight month C of the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo this week. An estimated 138000. People almost all of them on armed civilians have been killed. And more than two million people have been driven from their homes. Rushing to 25000. Feet -- sell offers his body to the burning Balkans as if it could smother the flames. As if his audience could make the world see the waste of humanity there. -- -- I think that would be fired from. -- -- -- -- Find the proper language. Employees. You know what they have it. As result would discover over the next three days it's not so simple for he's not just witnessed -- trying to diplomat. And he travels not alone but with the media of the world -- oral weeding. Moves. -- opportunity in fact the first thing results who uses the palace of the Yugoslav president don't Richard shortage. The first of five heads of states are pseudo state shall see you in four days. Within. Mostly. I promise you you'll be able to get to the truth everything is open in this country if there is no hindrance here to find -- Diplomacy means ritual and ritual takes time too much time. Before the fish course of the presidential such as launches over these cells in motion -- -- And he has. -- all the possibilities and even if some do you think all of the -- we have to go -- to see what to do. It's going dark on this Friday eve of these -- promises -- Sabbath services that the main synagogue in Belgrade. Of all the events on his crowded schedule -- want to be seized route conclusion. Power person number two -- about Milosevic. Prime minister observed the man most often blamed by -- -- another human rights investigators for the violence in Yugoslavia. He -- the world's media. Case of Yugoslavia. -- Again that through -- first week in the war. Tightly wrapped it is a virtual black double breasted suit the former banker whose. Thank -- it is patient quality -- reputation. All Jews aggressions. -- to assure the world he won't expand army units to increase the terror. And his once all -- independence province of Kosovo. He brushes off the question evidence of flawed restraint like crumbs -- coffee table. As you know very well of course always part of Serbia. And part of Yugoslavia. And to me is on hold territory or Yugoslavia and Serbia -- -- Corso. Four hours on the ground in Belgrade -- -- headed for his fifth event and not a victim and site. No he's a hostage toward her house and encouragement from professional diplomat at the US charger d'affaires residence. Politeness wrestles with -- impatience. I only have questioned. But the moment -- Content enough they can do this. Saturday morning normally for -- -- harmful prayer and reflective. But -- -- -- lives are at stake you're permitted to break the sap. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- And to speak of Sarajevo has to speak of lives at stake -- these are Jewish refugees from Sarajevo who escape the threat of death. Escaped lives already gotten. And -- time. -- -- struck by lives left without meaning through his trip he'll list other things stolen from Yugoslav law malignant -- certain. After his meeting with the Jewish refugees are still just 24 hours into his mission to Yugoslavia. -- be felt found himself with a little over Chrysler's. Balked at his attempts to -- concentration camps five Serbian held Bosnia. And apparently unable to fly the failure at all he percent of all the government conferred with -- ultimatum. Help us see what we came to be -- -- by hope now have a valid through all. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- lineup. You're not hitting got me even. Now and very you're going out. Who -- my nephew didn't. But not directly at first and other or look at -- stop -- the Serbs museum of genocide. It focuses on Croatian atrocities during World War II. And during last year's Serbo Croatian war in which the Serbs took 13 of Croatia's territory. Genocide says visa all the survivor who involve -- house votes for the special meaning. Even mass murder even as in today's Yugoslavia serial mass murder is not genocide. The museum stop costs time pressures -- And -- l.'s best chance to see the war in Bosnia's most pathetic victims victims you saw on Nightline last month. He -- wanted to see the civilian campus turned off or yet the one barely managed by the Serbs abandoned by the International Red Cross. But by the time -- reach military headquarters in the town of Banja Luka that hope was being eradicated. Very maybe go to my vision for -- residences -- the you have to be who you want. An international campaign money -- Joseph of course isn't a typical camp for one thing its commander on camp doctor claim of the 4000 men who've been kept their only sex. -- -- But if the 2700. Men were still there -- spent much longer many of them and we will --
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