Transcript for Nov. 8, 2002: Iraq Disarmament Plan
-- it's fine points and diplomatic language today's UN Security Council resolution can be boiled down to four words. The clock is ticking. Iraq has seven days to accept the terms of what President Bush is calling the final test. Given today's unanimous vote it has little choice but to say yes. Iraq will then face more deadlines. It now has thirty days to document its weapons programs. Within 45 days it must allow inspectors in the country to go literally wherever they walked. Iraq's only alternative to full compliance President Bush made clear today is a military confrontation. The White House didn't give a little odd language in the UN resolution the Security Council will have a chance to talk things over if Iraq Stein he's the inspectors. But the United States reserves the right to act even if the Security Council does not. That the council voted unanimously is a diplomatic coup for a White House that has so often been accused of going it alone. That such a strong signal comes only three days after the president's party took back the senate. Is hardly get coincidence. Even the Russians and French want stumbling blocks in the UN negotiations. Know how to read American election results. The question now is whether Saddam Hussein also gets the message. We Begin with this report from Nightline correspondent. Dave marriage. In many ways this day started like any other. The United Nations. Flooded in one way today -- the United Nations was -- story. As the Security Council by a fifteen to nothing vote approved a tough new policy on the Iraq. Both those in favor. Of the draft resolution please raise their hand. This resolution constitutes the world community's demand. That Iraq disclose. And destroy. Its weapons of mass destruction. Are happy president. Celebrated the vote of the White House Rose Garden the world has now come together to say. That the outlaw regime in Iraq will not be permitted to build or possess. Chemical. Biological. Or nuclear weapons. Now the world must insist. That that judgment be -- force. Today's vote was the culmination of an American diplomatic campaign -- to have almost two months ago on September 12. What President Bush challenged the Security Council to enforce its resolutions against Iraq. And promised America would do so with the UN did. Iraq's regime. -- this again. The world must move deliberately. Decisively to hold Iraq to account. We will work with the UN Security Council. But -- necessary resolutions. -- the purposes of the United States should not be doubted. The Security Council resolutions will be enforced. Inspectors must have unfettered access. This is about the disarmament -- -- through inspections. Comment. In the ultimate analysis. Every possible effect. Would be made -- wall. For some of long weeks delegates of the Security Council negotiated. Over policies and consequences. Periods and commas by Detroit. Class some compromises to get compromised since at the drip by drip praise for which the UN is famous. The weeks of diplomatic bargaining produced three American draft resolutions. And a lot of give and take. Much of the give coming from American positions. Elizabeth new for covers the -- -- the Boston Globe. We've seen an extraordinary shift -- -- sort of rhetoric and the nature of the resolution since the first draft emerged. You'll remember that the first draft threatened all necessary means which in sort of UN -- alliances. A threat of war -- immediate war regardless of how UN weapons inspections might turn out. This latest draft is -- different. -- several American proposals the chief of the weapons inspection mission said he didn't want or need. Like -- UN military escort. Suppose that to have a force consisting of soldiers from the permanent five members of the Security Council we just stopped what -- these armed escorts do. As a risk of a sudden incidence. Some sparks flying. Also deleted an American plan to have national representatives. Accompanied the inspectors on Mitchell. But what has our chief inspector -- on the Chinese represented -- we think you should go through this door. And the American that are -- -- -- says that you should go through this story. You have to hand this over to an internationally -- -- an inspection regime. I think what they did is try to come up with every good idea they could think of that would strengthen the hand of the UN inspectors the bottom line the resolution passed today demands that inspectors be given total access. And warns Iraq got serious consequences. The two -- of the United States wanted most. As it stands now. If Iraq defies this new round of UN weapons inspection if it lies about what the tests if it. Fails to let inspectors and then they're going to face the threat of force. From the U -- or if necessary the president stated strongly again today from the United States. Confronting this threat. America -- since the support of the world. Fashion becomes necessary. We will act in the interests of the world. In the the Bush Administration at one point simply for submitting to the Security Council process. And from the council at 12 points more unanimous support and -- hard schedule for the obstructions. We have very pleased that the resolution was adopted budget -- -- that strengthens our mandate. -- after the timetable. Yes we if you go to Baghdad on Monday the eighteenth. Of this month so it would be within seven to ten days that we have. With the clock Mel started Iraq has seven days till next Friday to agree to the resolution. And thirty days till December -- To declare all of its weapons of mass destruction and facilities for making. The inspections must start within 45 days by December 23. And the inspectors must report back to the Security Council by February 21 of next year. This schedules seems to -- American military -- allowing plenty of. Time from work practice on Iraq's your parents -- students. And further deployments of American troops and supplies closer to Iraq. The American resolution to hold both Iraq and the Security Council itself to historic levels of accountability. A major trial for George W. Bush. But the last American construction of the negotiation means that no action could be taken against -- rocket builders but up finalists left them. Of an inspector's report by the Security Council. I'm Dave -- for -- lives in New York. And we're joined now by ABC -- State Department correspondent Martha Raddatz at the UN. Where she covered today's Security Council vote and Martha has there been any response at all from Iraq to this vote. Well Iraqis you know over the last few weeks has talked about. That they would go along with this resolution today they basically said. They'd been reading the resolution trying to determine exactly what they -- -- instead of the resolution and then come back to the UN and let them now. But as I read the resolution there is almost no room for negotiation. There's no room for negotiation in terms of when Iraq has to come back -- some sort of decision. There's no room for negotiations in anything. It is to do with Iraq Iraq has to come back within seven days they have to say whether they will accept it or they will not -- -- -- this. Indeed could be one of those early triggers if Iraq comes back and says we can't decide we want a couple more days to think about it that's the end of it. We have heard so much today about the diplomatic track. But nothing I assume it has happened that has slowed anything down on the military track which the government is also pursue. -- in fact Chris what you have here is is the old. Marriage of force and diplomacy the diplomacy continues negotiations continue here this morning before the vote -- All the while the military is building up the Pentagon is going ahead. Full force with were planning their many people would say that's exactly why the UN voted the way it did today. In fact one State Department official I spoke to a little while ago said that what they were trying to do in this waiting the UN to go along with them. Is say no this isn't a chance for war by signing wish your not -- voting for this you're not signing on to war you're signing on for the last. Chance at peace. Martha talk a little bit about the timetable that the UN Security Council approved today. And how that might affect military planning for the United States. -- you you add up all those various timetables the seven days to thirty days of 45 days -- in sixty days after that. For the -- inspect inspectors to report back. And that could take you to the end of February. So Saddam Hussein complies during this period. And at the end of February decides not to that is not an optimal time for the United States prepare. For the final stages of -- certainly the United States is trying to get in place but there would have to be some build up in the very final stages before they actually went to work. And it starts getting very very hot over there so it's not the optimal time in the United States would have to decide. Whether they want to wait out these summer months until next year at this time or whether they want -- trying to do that in and not the greatest weather conditions. All right Martha Raddatz at the United Nations.
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