Sudan's President Omar al Bashir has also been charged with crimes against humanity.
President Obama put African leaders on notice this weekend in his address in Ghana, saying that the world needs to stand up to the "inhumanity" of Africa's atrocities.
"It is never justifiable to target innocents in the name of ideology," said the President.
Last year, Taylor's son Charles Emmanuel Taylor, also known as Chucky, was convicted of torture. He was the first American citizen charged and convicted with committing war crimes abroad. Prosecutors accused Chucky Taylor of torturing civilians during his reign as the head of a special unit in his father's army, referred to as the Demon Force. He is now serving 97 years in a federal prison in Florida.