The one-eyed Taliban commander Mullah Omar is also included on the list, but not necessarily for a targeted strike, U.S. officials told ABC News.
The U.S. is interested in determining whether Omar could play a role in political reconciliation in Afghanistan in the era after bin Laden. Two senior Afghan officials told ABC News the U.S. has already opened up a cautious dialogue with man believed to be an emissary of Omar's.
Still, the U.S. State Department website lists a $10 million reward for information leading to Omar who "remains at large and represents a continuing threat to America and her allies." U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Levin in early May he couldn't prove it, but he believed Pakistani officials knew where Omar is.
Siraj Haqqani, Operational Leader of the Haqqani Network
U.S. commanders in the region have long labeled the Haqqani network as the most deadly organization in Afghanistan. Siraj Haqqani is its day-to-day commander. The group's militants execute most of their strikes against U.S. and coalition groups in Afghanistan but are actually believed to be based across the border in Pakistan, according to U.S. and Pakistani officials.
It wasn't clear whether the United States wants Haqqani killed or wants to determine whether he, too, can join a political reconciliation process. But most U.S. officials have not expressed any willingness to open a dialogue with Haqqani leaders.
Haqqani personally admitted to planning a 2008 attack on a hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, that killed six people, including an American, as well as planning an assassination attempt on Afghan President Hamid Karzai. The U.S. government offers up to $5 million for information leading to Haqqani.
Afghan and American officials believe Pakistan's premiere intelligence service, the ISI, maintains influence over the Haqqani network and can help target it or convince it to open a political dialogue.
Atiya Abdel Rahman, Bin Laden's Connection to the World
Atiay Abdel Rahman, believed to be a key al Qaeda operations manager and recruiter, was Osama bin Laden's personal connection to the outside world as he helped direct al Qaeda plots from his Abbottabad, Pakistan, compound.
The State Department calls Rahman al Qaeda's "emissary in Iran" and a member of Libya's Islamic Fighting Group. He has been a part of al Qaeda for most of his life after joining as a teenager in the 1980s.
"Since then he has gained considerable stature in al-Qa'ida as an explosives expert and Islamic scholar," the State Department said.
Rahman was rumored to have been killed in a drone strike last fall, but his death was never confirmed.