Financial Reform: Four Credit Card Changes You'll Want to Understand

When it comes to credit card policy, will your favorite big box store go the way of your corner mom and pop shop? Will your college stop letting you use plastic to pay your tuition? Will your debit card suddenly get you more discounts than your credit card?

If the new financial reform bill becomes law, all of the above could happen, credit card industry experts say. Here's a rundown of some of the surprising changes that credit card users could see:

1. Minimum credit card purchase requirements banned no more: Many a consumer has been left frazzled at the register when confronted by store policies prohibiting credit card purchases for less than a certain amount.

VIDEO: David Muir on how the new bill will affect most Americans.
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What may come as a surprise to some is that large credit card companies like MasterCard and Visa actually forbid the merchants that do business with them from instituting such minimums. The card companies, said Ed Mierzwinski, the consumer program director at National Association of State Public Interest Research Groups, have been successful in enforcing the prohibition against big box retailers, but smaller operations have been able to fly under the radar.

Under the financial reform bill, retailers large and small will be able to institute minimum purchase requirements of no more than $10 without fear of running afoul of their credit card agreements.

Gerri Detweiler, a credit advisor at, said the change could lead to minimum purchase requirements at more retailers, meaning more frustration for plastic-prone consumers. But Detweiler said she did see a bright side -- more consistency. Stores that do decide to set credit card charge minimums won't be able to exceed $10.

"You can make sure you have a $10 bill in your wallet at all times," she said.

2. More colleges could limit credit card tuition payments: Just as the bill allows merchants to set minimums on how much you charge at their stores, it allows colleges to set maximums for credit card charges.

So Long, Big Rewards for College, Government Credit Card Charges

The bill would supersede merchant agreements between colleges and credit card companies that forbid such maximum charge limits and could lead more colleges to announce that they will no longer accept tuition payments charged to credit cards even as they continue to accept credit cards for other goods and services.

This flexibility benefits colleges, Mierzwinksi said, because when students charge large-ticket items like tuition to their credit cards, colleges wind up paying large sums in so-called interchange fees that card companies share with banks.

"Visa and MasterCard extract an average of 2 cents on every plastic dollar and that means if you buy something for $1,000, they get 2 cents on each of those thousand dollars," he explained. "If your tuition is $10,000, then [your college is] going to get $200 less."

For consumers, fewer opportunities to charge college tuition could make it harder to rack up credit card rewards points for such benefits as frequent flier miles.

For some colleges, meanwhile, the provision may not make much of a difference -- larger schools have different departments that strike separate agreements with credit card companies, meaning that a college's tuition office might already forbid credit card use while that same college's bookstore can continue accepting credit cards.

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