If it's January, investors are likely griping about their funds' taxable capital gains distributions. But account holders in Boston Company International Small Cap SDISX could be fainting. That fund's distributions amounted to a breathtaking 94% of the fund's assets.
When funds sell a security at a profit, they must distribute the gains to shareholders, who then owe taxes on the distribution. If you invest in the fund in a taxable account, your 2007 distributions will figure into your 2007 tax bill.
Distributions of gains and dividends equal to 5% of a fund's share price are common. Shareholders in the Boston Company fund were smacked with a distribution equal to $23.17 a share; the fund's price-per-share before the distribution was only slightly higher: $24.70.
David Snowball, writing for the website FundAlarm, notes: Had you invested the minimum $100,000 in the fund on Dec. 1, it would have distributed about $94,000 in taxable gains, pummeling you with a tax bill of $14,100.
How could this happen? The fund's management team left in August, and a big chunk of the fund's assets left, too. The new manager had to sell stocks to meet redemptions. Fortunately, the fund is aimed at institutions, but it has a $100,000 minimum, meaning that some individuals could have gotten socked, too.
Even if you didn't invest in Boston Company's fund, it's been a painful year for distributions. Here's what some of the largest funds paid in long-term gains:
•American Funds Growth Fund of America AGTHX: $2.057 a share, or 5.7% of the fund's share price before the distribution.
•Fidelity International Small Cap fismx: $3.96 a share, or 13.6% of the fund's price before the distribution.
•American Century Real Estate reacx: $1.94 a share, or 7% of the fund's price before the distribution. The fund also paid $2.05 a share in short-term gains, which are taxed at your regular income tax rate.
Vanguard 500 Index vfinx, the third-largest stock fund, paid no capital gains distribution — and it hasn't since 2000. If you're investing in a taxable account, consider an index fund, or one whose investment policy is geared toward minimizing distributions.
Managers of the year
Morningstar has named its annual mutual fund managers of the year:
•Bill Gross, manager of Pimco Total Return pttrx and Harbor Bond habdx, won the award for fixed-income manager. Gross moved his funds' assets away from U.S. corporate bonds before the credit crunch began. His fund's performance landed it in the top 10% of all intermediate-term bond funds the past 12 months — and the past 15 years, too. Gross is the first three-time winner of the award.
•Will Danoff, manager of Fidelity Contrafund fcntx, took the prize for top domestic stock fund manager. The manager of Fidelity's largest stock fund, Danoff has driven the fund to an average annual gain of 10.9% for the past decade, vs. 5.5% for the Standard & Poor's 500-stock index.
•Hakan Castegren, longtime skipper of Harbor International hiigx, got the nod for top international fund manager. The fund soared more than 20% last year.
Past winners of the Morningstar Manager of the Year award have included Peter Lynch and Jeff Vinik, former managers of Fidelity Magellan; Tom Marsico, head of the Marsico funds; Bob Rodriguez, manager of FPA Capital fpptx; and Chris Davis and Ken Feinberg, managers of Davis New York Venture NYVTX.
Major exodus at Janus
The Janus funds have seen an exodus of managers this year worthy of, well, Exodus. The departees have not only left the funds; they've left Janus, too:
•Minyoung Sohn, manager of Janus Growth and Income JAGIX and Janus Fundamental Equity JAEIX.
•David Corkins, manager of Janus fund JANSX.
•Scott Schoelzel, manager of Janus Twenty JAVLX.
•Tom Malley, manager of Janus Global Life Sciences JAGLX.
Those five funds account for about $36 billion in assets, or about 17% of the company's assets under management.
Most troubling are the departures of Sohn, Corkins and Schoelzel, says Karen Dolan, senior fund analyst at Morningstar. "Janus funds have done very well the past five years," she says. "With those key managers gone, it raises more question marks about Janus."
Aside from the fact that these Janus managers built fine performance records, they also interacted well with Janus analysts — a key part of the Janus mentoring tradition, Dolan says. Because of the departures, Morningstar has downgraded its opinion of how shareholder-friendly Janus is.
New in town:
Firsthand Alternative Energy ALTEX is run by Kevin Landis, manager of the top-performing Firsthand Technology Value fund. Satuit Capital Management Small Cap SATSX, run by Robert Sullivan, is one of the strongest small-cap managers in the country.
Who's in/who's out:
Ron Canakaris of Montag & Caldwell will now run Aston/ABN Amro Growth. Canakaris has been with AXA Enterprise Growth A for 28 years and has compiled a superb long-term record. He'll also manage Aston Balanced. Darren Maupin is out as manager of Fidelity Aggressive International; Sammy Simnegar is the fund's new captain. Murdo Murchison leaves Templeton Growth, to be replaced by Cynthia Sweeting.
Funds by the numbers