Asian stock markets stormed higher Wednesday after Wall Street rallied on news Citigroup was turning a profit, but the upbeat mood was clouded by signs the region's biggest economies were still struggling amid the global slowdown. European markets gained modestly in early trade.
Asia's lurch higher, led partly by financial shares, was a welcome reprieve from the depressing declines in global equities over the last few weeks.
But the relief was likely to be temporary as the economic slump continued to ravage Asia's export-driven nations. Wednesday's figures showing another sharp drop in Chinese exports, as well as a fourth straight month of lower spending by Japanese companies, were just the latest grim reminders of how severe the downturn is.
With the outlook still miserable, the bear market would continue to grind toward a new bottom in the coming months, analysts said.
"What you've seen today is mostly a technical bounce in markets after falling steeply recently, and I don't think this rally can be sustained," said Arjuna Mahendran, the Singapore-based head of Asian investment strategy for HSBC Private Bank, which manages some $494 billion in assets. "It's still far too early to predict that the global recession is over ... The fundamentals are simply not in place."
The catalyst for the rally on Wall Street was a letter from Citigroup Chief Executive Vikram Pandit to employees saying the bank had operated at a profit for the first two months of this year, logging its best performance since the third quarter of 2007, the last time it booked a quarterly profit.
Investors, desperate for any positive signs about the ailing financial system, cheered the news about the banking giant, which has lost so much money the federal government has been forced to extend billions in aid and take a 36% stake.
As trading opened in Europe, Britain's FTSE 100 gained 0.7%, Germany's DAX advanced 0.9% and France's CAC 40 was up 0.8%. Stock futures pointed to solid gains on Wall Street Wednesday. Dow futures rose 93, or 1.4%, to 6,980 and S&P 500 futures advanced 11.4, or 1.6%, to 727.40.
Earlier in Asia, Japan's Nikkei 225 stock average shot up 321.14 points, or 4.6%, to 7,376.12, rebounding from a 26-year closing low hit this week. Hong Kong's Hang Seng leaped 236.61 points, or 2%, to 11,930.66.
Elsewhere, South Korea's Kospi rose 35.31, or 3.2%, to 1,127.51. Benchmarks in Australia and Taiwan were up 1.9%; Singapore's gained 1.3%.
Banking shares were especially strong, with leading Japanese bank Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc. gaining 4.1%. HSBC, which like Citi, gave reassurances this week that it was performing better than expected so far this year, advanced another 2.3% in Hong Kong, continuing its recovery form a 24% plunge on Monday.
The upbeat mood, though, belied more evidence that Asian countries were still suffering from the drought in Western demand that drives their export-reliant economies.
In China, exports plunged 25.7% last month as overseas appetite for goods made in the world's third-largest economy continued to deteriorate. Imports also fell. A string of monthly export declines is undermining hopes among many investors that China can boost its economy, at least in the near term, with a 4 trillion ($586 billion) stimulus package.
Also in Asia, Japanese machinery orders, an indicator of how much the country's companies are spending, fell 3.2% in January, though was still better than expected.
In the U.S., Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke warned the U.S. recession wouldn't end this year unless the government bailout of banks succeeded and financial markets were restored to working order.
On Tuesday, Wall Street posted its best performance of the year, with the Dow Jones industrials surging 379 points, or about 5.8%, to 6,926.49. The broader Standard & Poor's 500 index advanced 43.07 points, 6.4%, to 719.6.
Oil prices were lower in Asian trade, with light, sweet crude for April delivery down 26 cents at $45.45 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract fell $1.36 to settle at $45.71 a barrel overnight.
The dollar weakened to 98.47 yen from 98.80 yen late Tuesday. The euro rose to $1.2714 from $1.2702.