The report cites Najibullah Zazi's plans to attack New York City subways as just the most recent evidence that "the nation's transportation network" is "at elevated risk of attack," and has been for the past decade. The review urges federal government over and over to improve security efforts and make them more efficient.
Amidst references to "inconsistent or duplicative training programs," and "stakeholder confusion" which may "waste resources and undermine stakeholders' willingness to cooperate," the report issues 20 recommendations.
Some of the recommendations Americans may be surprised to learn haven't already been implemented years ago, such as the fact that there isn't one single agency taking the lead on all "federally obtained security risk-related information on transportation systems and assets."
Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano today announced new air travel security measures, making a shift from requiring additional screening for passengers from 14 countries to replacing it with a system based on threats assessment and intelligence.
"These new measures utilize real-time, threat-based intelligence along with multiple, random layers of security, both seen and unseen, to more effectively mitigate evolving terrorist threats," Napolitano said in a statement, adding that the measures are "part of a dynamic, threat-based aviation security system covering all passengers traveling by air to the United States while focusing security measures in a more effective and efficient manner to ensure the safety and security of the traveling public."
After Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempted to blow up a Detroit-bound flight on Christmas day, President Obama introduced what one White House adviser called a "blunt investment," screening passengers from countries considered either "state sponsors of terror" or "countries of interest": Afghanistan, Algeria, Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
"The new layer will add measures that utilize real-time, threat-based intelligence and will apply to all flights entering the United States," a senior administration official told ABC News. "To more effectively mitigate evolving terrorist threats, these measures utilize multiple, random layers of security, both seen and unseen and are tailored to intelligence about potential threats."
Under the new measures, every passenger from every country traveling to the United States will be subjected to additional screening "if they match current, intelligence-driven and threat-based characteristics." Homeland security will implement new technology such as explosives trace detection, advanced imaging and accelerate other traditional methods of searching, such canine teams, or pat downs, among other security measures.
The changes are a result of the review Obama ordered after the Christmas day incident.
Whereas the "no-fly" and "selectee" watch lists are name-based, this system -- which will augment those systems -- is intelligence-based.