Question: Are there any medications that increase the risk of developing glaucoma?
Answer: One of the predominant medications that can elevate pressure -- an elevation of eye pressure is what causes glaucoma -- one medication in particular are corticosteroids. These are anti-inflammatory medications that are used for conditions such as rheumatic disease or asthma. These medications, used chronically, can elevate the eye pressure and cause glaucoma. Another class of medication that can cause an acute angle closure or a sudden rise of eye pressure causing pain and rapid vision loss are sulfonamide medications.
These medications can be found in anti-seizure medications, antibiotic use -- multiple different categories of medications contain sulfonamides. These medications, when taken, can cause an acute reaction and an acute elevation in intraocular pressure.