Still, he added, the findings are worth following up. "Anything you can do to help premature babies is worth pursuing because, for many, it's a desperate situation," Katz said. "And if they are right, it's a very inexpensive way of dealing with it."
Premature babies are at higher risk for neurological problems, including learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, and hearing and vision problems.
The March of Dimes has more on premature birth.
SOURCES: Ashley Roman, M.D., clinical assistant professor, obstetrics and gynecology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York City; Michael Katz, M.D., professor emeritus of pediatrics, Columbia University, New York City, and senior vice president, research and global programs, March of Dimes, White Plains, N.Y.; Dec. 21, 2009, Pediatrics, online