- Lose weight if you are overweight. "Modest weight loss -- 5 to 10 percent of your starting weight -- can have a significant impact," she said.
- Start moving. Research has suggested that getting 30 minutes of physical activity five days a week can lower diabetes risk, Austin said.
- Quit smoking.
- Monitor your blood pressure. High blood pressure boosts the risk of getting diabetes.
- Eat more fruits and vegetables. "Increased intake of fruits and vegetables correlates with reduced blood pressure," Austin said.
To assess your risk factors for diabetes, visit the American Diabetes Association.
SOURCES: Richard M. Bergenstal, M.D., president-elect, medicine and science, American Diabetes Association, and executive director, International Diabetes Center at Park-Nicollet Health Services, Minneapolis; Mary Austin, R.D., diabetes educator and consultant, Detroit; March 24, 2009, survey, American Diabetes Association