Question: What are the key things to know about blood sugar screenings for men?
Answer: Well, blood sugar screening is important because an elevated blood sugar is associated with diabetes and the incidence of diabetes is rising in the American population. Currently, that number is 8 percent of the American population is diagnosed with diabetes and that number is rising.
Diabetes is associated with a variety of diseases including heart disease and stroke, but is also a leading cause of blindness, limb amputations and kidney disease. According to the American Diabetes Association, it's recommended that all men who are considered overweight by their body mass index be screened for diabetes, and everyone else over the age of 45. And we normally do this with a fasting blood sugar level, and a number above 126 milligrams per deciliter that's confirmed on a repeated test is diagnostic of diabetes.
A number between 100 and 126 can be considered impaired fasting glucose, in which case lifestyle modifications such as improving diet, weight loss and exercise can also be done to treat that, and that test is repeated after one year. If everything is normal, it's recommended that we screen for diabetes at least every three years.