"Everyone wants to believe we can just educate teens out of the problem [by talking to them] but that's not the case," said Chris Galm, a spokesperson for the National Safety Council. "Experience is a crucial factor but it's not always enough for a teen to learn by doing, and that's where the role of parents comes into play."
Some rules, Winston said, applied at all times and to drivers of any age -- always wearing seatbelts, for example, or never using a cell phone while driving.
But other rules should be relaxed over time as young drivers gain experience and demonstrate responsibility, including having to ask for the car key, having passengers in the car, driving at night and on high speed roads.
"Pick the rules based on what matters," Winston said. "This is all about safety, not about control."
Bates shared a car with his parents during the first year he had his license before he received the Audi. He never got in an accident during that time and he hasn't had one since the first.
"Having a new car at 16 on my own might have been a bad idea, but I don't think me having the car at 17 was a horrible idea." Bates said. "And I've never made that mistake again."