In their JAMA report, they cautioned against blowing the risks out of proportion. "Absolute risk differences were modest given the low incidence rate of gout among women," they wrote. Less than one percent of women included in the analysis developed gout during follow-up.
Consequently, the risk difference associated with orange juice, for example, worked out to less than one case per 1,000 person-years, Choi and colleagues noted.
But they also suggested it would be wise for women with diagnosed gout or hyperuricemia to stay away from fructose-sweetened drinks.