"Everything is a tool. Anything you have in your pocket you can use if you're being attacked," he said. "In particular, a lot of people carry a pen or their keys or if you're holding a hot cup of coffee you can throw that. Most people don't think of that one."
Long said that putting your keys in between your fingers and using them to rake your offender is a good technique, as is grabbing personal products like hairspray or hairbrushes to hit your attacker with. He also suggested programming 9-1-1 into your cell phone's speed dial, so it's readily accessible.
Your voice is another strong tool, said Long.
"One of your biggest deterrents is your voice," he said. "You can scream, yell or shout."
Alex Lonabaugh, who has been training people in self defense techniques for more than 13 years at a Yi's Karate in New Jersey, said that women especially should not be discouraged by the size of their attacker.
"Size doesn't matter," said Lonabaugh. "Knowing where to go is what matters and it's as simple as that."
Your attacker's face – eyes, nose and throat – as well as the groin area are the go-to areas that will cause the most pain, he said.
"People expect women to be easy targets, but they're not," said Lonabaugh.
"If you're a woman and you fight back it's already your advantage because you've' just done the unexpected."