He fired his gun at Malala three times. One bullet hit her on the left side of her head.
Her survival was the result of many miracles -- one being that a specialist from England was in Pakistan and rushed to save her.
"The chances of being shot at point-blank range in the head and that happening [Malala surviving], I don't know," said Dr. Fiona Reynolds. "But it is amazing, truly amazing. I don't know why she survived."
Malala said that death was not ready to take her.
"I think that death didn't want to kill me," she said. "And God was with me. And the people prayed for me."
Now Malala and her family are living in Birmingham. England, and she is back at school. She spent her 16th birthday giving a speech at the United Nations.
She has also founded the Malala Fund, a nonprofit organization that supports girls' education around the world through grants and partner collaborations.