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  • On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein's forces invaded neighboring Kuwait, initiating the Gulf War. Within days, a buildup of American forces began in Saudi Arabia and U.S. officials pressured Iraq to withdraw from the country. Pictured: An Iraqi man reads the newspaper in Baghdad, Jan. 11, 1991.
    Laurent Van der Stockt/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • Protesters chant in a pro-Iraqi demonstration in Pakistan, Jan. 14, 1991. The group is protesting against the deadline set by UN Resolution 678 for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait by the 15th of January.
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  • Supporters of Saddam Hussein march through Baghdad, Iraq, Jan. 15, 1991.
    Laurent Van der Stockt/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • After talks failed, U.S. and coalition warplanes attacked Baghdad and other military targets. Pictured: The sky above Baghdad is lit up with tracer fire during the first attack on the city, Jan. 17, 1991.
    Laurent Van der Stockt/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • Soldiers, hotel workers and others, some wearing gas masks, kneel for morning prayers on Jan. 18, 1991 in a basement used as a bomb shelter at a hotel in eastern Saudi Arabia.
    J. Scott Applewhite/AP Photo
  • U.S. Army Military Police guard their checkpoint along a convoy route in the Saudi desert, Jan. 20, 1991. The MP's said they wrote the name of their favorite record album on the cinder block wall.
    Robert Sullivan/AFP/Getty Images
  • An Iraqi man walks past a milk factory in a Baghdad suburb that was severely damaged in a U.S. air attack, Jan. 21, 1991.
    Georges Rumens/AFP/Getty Images
  • A U.S. soldier and Saudi police officers examine the wreck of a missile, believed to be a Soviet-made Scud, which landed in downtown Riyadh on Jan. 22, 1991 when Iraq launched a missile attack on the Saudi capital.
    Pascal Guyot/AFP/Getty Images
  • Rescuers check a site near Tel Aviv after it was hit by an Iraqi Scud missile, Jan. 24, 1991. During the Gulf War, Iraq fired 39 Scud missiles on Israel but none had chemical or biological warheads. Most fell in the Tel Aviv region, causing widespread damage and injuring hundreds.
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  • A U.S. C-130 transport plane passes over two batteries of the U.S.-made Patriot missiles during sunset, Jan. 25, 1991 in the Saudi Arabian desert.
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  • Howitzers and vehicles from the U.S. 1st Armored Division cross a desert heavily marked by tire treads, Feb. 5, 1991.
    Win Mcnamee/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
  • President George H.W. Bush, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, and Vice President Dan Quayle enter the Rose Garden at the White House to speak, Feb. 11, 1991, in Washington, D.C.
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  • An Israeli father holds his two daughters as they escape the Tel Aviv region where an Iraqi Scud missile landed, Feb. 12, 1991.
    Patrick Baz/AFP/Getty Images
  • A man cycles past a huge mural of Saddam Hussein on the corner of a square in Baghdad during the Gulf War, Feb. 17, 1991.
    Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images
  • Two young girls play in the rubble of a residential area bombed by Allied forces, Feb. 19, 1991.
    Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images
  • A young Iraqi boy stands amidst women in black chadors waiting outside a butcher shop in Samawah, Iraq, during the Gulf War, Feb. 23, 1991.
    Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images
  • A U.S. Marine is pictured guarding an Iraqi prisoner taken during the Desert Storm Gulf War ground campaign inside Kuwait, Feb. 25, 1991.
    Todd Buchanan/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty Images
  • Iraqi men raise their hands during ground offensive in Kuwait city, Kuwait, Feb. 27, 1991.
    Eric Bouvet/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • A vehicle with two coffins on its roof draped in blankets speeds past an electric power plant bombed by the Allied forces in Baghdad during the Gulf War, Feb. 25, 1991.
    Kaveh Kazemi/Getty Images
  • American soldiers pose for a photo next to a painting of Saddam Hussein in Salman Pak, Iraq, Feb. 26, 1991.
    Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • U.S. soldiers raise a flag while standing on a destroyed Iraqi tank in Iraq, Feb. 27, 1991.
    Eric Bouvet/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • A Kuwait City resident hugs two members of the U.S. Marine's special forces after Allied troops liberated the capital of Kuwait, Feb. 27, 1991.
    Christophe Simon/AFP/Getty Images
  • American soldiers are pictured around a destroyed banner depicting Saddam Hussein in Kuwait after the Iraqi occupation, Feb. 28, 1991.
    Bassignac/Saussier/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
  • Ken Kozakiewicz breaks down in an evacuation helicopter after hearing that his friend, the driver of his Bradley Fighting Vehicle, was killed in a "friendly fire" incident that he himself survived, Feb. 27, 1991. The following day, President Bush suspended offensive combat and declared that Kuwait had been liberated.
    David Turnley/Corbis
  • Burning oil wells shoot flames and smoke into the air in a Kuwait oil field on March 3, 1991. Hundreds of wells were set on fire by Iraqi forces as they retreated from the area.
    Gary Kieffer/DOD/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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