Russia is one of the most popular places for Americans looking to adopt children. Many of the children come from Russia's long-neglected orphanages. More than 60,000 Russian children have been adopted by American parents since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.
But in recent years, the relationship has experienced problems. Russian authorities halted adoptions to the United States in 2010 after American adoptive mother Torry Hansen put her adopted son Artyom, then 7 years old, on a return flight to Russia, alone, with little more than a letter saying she did not want him anymore.
The case sparked outrage in Russia.
When ABC News caught up with Artyom in April, he had been placed in an foster home outside Moscow, where his new mother said he was adjusting well.
At the time, Astakhav told ABC News that there were no "artificial obstacles" for continued adoptions between Russia and the United States.
In late July, about a month after Astakhav and the Russian television crew confronted Joyce Sterkel at the Ranch for Kids, Russian President Vladimir Putin ratified an adoption agreement with the United States, which had been settled on a year earlier. It tightened rules for Americans adopting Russian children, increasing vetting and monitoring requirements.