Cuba Embargo Issue Goes to the U.N.

Cuba also blames U.S. sanctions for the lack of Internet access. The U.S. embargo blocks Cuba from plugging into an underwater fiber optic cable, forcing it to access the Internet using expensive satellite connections.

Perez Rogue said 115 governments submitted reports this year on how the embargo impacted their citizens and companies.

"The sanctions are not a bilateral issue, but an economic war on an international scale," Perez Rogue said.

At 45 years, the U.S. sanctions on Cuba are the longest-standing ever.

While almost every government in the world, including the United State's closest allies, believe the U.S. embargo should be lifted, it remains controversial in the United States, where debate rages every year in Congress on whether it should be eased or strengthened further.

Cuban-American politicians work hard to keep sanctions in place, while others, along with farm and other business lobbies, believe improving relations and doing business with the Communist-run island is the best way to foster change.

Under a 2000 loosening of the embargo, Cuba may purchase agricultural products for cash, spending around $350 million each year.

Florida, home to hundreds of thousands of Cuban-Americans and a swing state in presidential elections, ensures Cuba and the embargo remain on the political agenda.

While most presidential hopefuls from both parties favor keeping sanctions in place, Democratic Sens. Barack Obama and Christopher Dodd have said they would significantly loosen sanctions if elected.

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