Iraq, 5 Years On: Key Facts and Figures

U.S. Troop Levels

Current U.S. troop levels (as of 3/6/2008): 159,000

Trained Iraqi security forces: 425,345

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department


U.S. military deaths: 3,980 (Defense Department)

Non-Iraq civilians killed since May 2003: 504 (Brookings Institute)

Journalists killed in Iraq, including media workers such as drivers and interpreters: 174 (Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

U.S. troops wounded in action since March 2003: 29,275 (Defense Department)

Iraqi civilians: 81,964- 89,448 (Iraq Body Count)


Cost for Operation Iraqi Freedom: $406.2 billion

Average monthly spending in Iraq: $9.2 billion

Source: CRS Report for Congress, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Oil Production

Average daily oil production:

Prewar: 2.5 millions of barrels/day

March 2008: 2.3 million barrels/day, with daily exports of 1.8 billion barrels/day

Source: Department of Defense

Oil revenue export in 2007: $41 billion

Oil revenue from exports (since June 2003): $125.3 billion

Attacks on Iraqi oil and gas pipelines, installations and personnel since 2003: 466

Source: Department of Defense, Brookings Institute


Core inflation in 2007 was 12.28 percent, compared to 31.92 percent in 2006

GDP: The Iraqi economy is projected to grow 7 percent in 2008 and reach an estimated GDP of $60.9 billion.

GDP numbers in 2007 N/A

Source: Department of Defense

Unemployment and underemployment

17.6 percent to 38.1 percent, with unemployment in some provincial levels as high as 50 percent. Source: Defense Department

The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs estimates that the number of unemployed Iraqis is now at 1.2 million, but other estimates are twice that number. (Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

Estimates of Iraq's unemployment rate varies, but the Brookings Institute estimates it to be between 25 percent and 40 percent.

Health Care

Nearly half of the 34,000 registered physicians have left the country after sectarian threats and violence, impeding health- care delivery. (Defense Department)

92 of the 137 primary health-care centers (PHCs) planned for construction are completed, with 50 in operation. (Defense Department)

An additional 28 completed hospitals are waiting to be open because there aren't enough medical personnel to work in them. (Defense Department)

Numbers on hospitals and health-care facilities nationwide are not available, Michael O'Hanlon, Brookings Institute.


Number of Iraqi physicians registered before the 2003 invasion: 34,000

Estimated number of Iraqi physicians who have left since 2003 invasion: 17,000

Estimated number of Iraqi physicians murdered since 2003 invasion: 2,000

Average salary of an Iraqi physician: 7.5 million Iraqi dinars per year (or $5,100)

Annual graduates from Iraqi medical schools: 2,250 Source: Brookings Institute


Prewar: Hours of daily electricity nationwide (estimated) 4-8

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity nationwide: 9.7

Prewar: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad (estimated): 16 to 24

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad: 7.5

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department

Internet Subscribers

Prewar: 4,500 (estimated)

April 2007: 261,000

Source: Brookings Institute


Prewar: 833,000

March 13, 2007: 1,111,000

Prewar cell phones: 80,000

Jan. 30, 2008: 10,000,000

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