Moses and the Pharaoh: Who Was the Pharaoh of the Exodus?

Part 2: Archaeologists search for proof that pharaohs enslaved God's chosen people as the Bible says
4:55 | 12/28/12

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Transcript for Moses and the Pharaoh: Who Was the Pharaoh of the Exodus?
Our journey back to the time of moses took us to the ruins of luxor. It's a grand reminder of the glory that once was ancient egypt. We met betsy ian, an american archaeologist who unearthed clues about itpeople. All that has gone on the last several hundred years, has that enabled us to reach a conclusion about history, the biblical stories? Well, I think there is always caution. And myths are changing and people's ideas keep changes as a result of ark yolgy. There are always surprises. There are always surprises. And that is exactly what brian and her team have been finding, amidst a temple used in the time of moses. This is where they worked and also where they lived. We have a temple over here, but we have to haves like bread making, beer making. But the surprise, this year we started to get a lot of human beings. They are probably the people who actually worked here. The very poor people who were seemingly finding a place to bury their family members. I really can't believe what I'm seeing. How old is that? It's probably around 1700 b.C. Just jump down? If you can. The graduate student katherine davis knead rare find on her second dig. We were excavating this room here and we saw this bone sticking out and then we saw the two arm bones and then teeth. And actually, in excellent shape. Really good shape. That was the first thing we noticed. Pearly white teeth is. It exciting for you? I think it's awesome. I will be honest, it's -- you are discovering something that no one has seen for thousands of years. It's very hard to resist that. The man she's just found was a legion who worked here for the pharaohs. The bible says among them were the israelites, but no one has uncovered that. How much of egypt is to be bug up? I cannot tell you cannot dig in egypt and not final something. Brian told us there was one place we might find a small clue what happened to the biblical israelites. We headed to cairo, just across the street of the square, the birthplace of egypt's recent revolution, there is a museum where you can find a treasure trove of art facts that may prove that once pun a time, the israelites were here. We are going to take a journey back in time? It will unravel. This is amed we asked him to show us this monument. It's the earliest evidence of egypt. It belonged to a pharaoh who ruled 2,000 years ago. King mamtok. What is it? It's a royal facebook page for the king. It's a facebook? Yeah, this is the propaganda of the king. It tells a story of the king's successful military campaign, and one of the last entries talks about a victory over the people of israel. You look at the inscription here. What does it say?And then literally, no more. The monument originally belonged to his father, the famed ramses the great. So he was the pharaoh that moses confronted? It's not fully proven but the idea was backed up by the biblical account of the slaves. If there was evidence of the exdurks would it make sense that it was around the time of ramses? The bible speaks of slaves put to work by a cruel pharaoh and named the cities they were put to work in. And one of them is ramses. So it's a real place. Those kind of clues make one think, well, maybe there is something to placing this exodus in that time period.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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