The incoming leader of Europe's most powerful bureaucracy is a master of the backroom deal — and an outspoken and witty career politician who once advocated the right to lie in times of crisis.
Jean-Claude Juncker, who was prime minister of Luxembourg for almost two decades, was a controversial pick as the 28-nation European Union's new chief executive, not least because the British government vociferously opposed him. The British tabloid The Sun portrayed him as "the most dangerous man in Europe."
Yet the 59-year-old conservative politician is set to be elected by overwhelming majority Tuesday as the next president of the European Commission. He will succeed the incumbent, Jose Manuel Barroso of Portugal, in November, and assume key responsibilities for steering the world's biggest economy during the next five years.
The commission is the bloc's executive arm in charge of drafting EU legislation, overseeing countries' budgets, policing the EU free trade area and enforcing antitrust action. Its responsibilities range from negotiating a free trade deal with the U.S. to shaping financial regulations and holding gas talks with Russia. The commission's annual budget totals about 140 billion euros ($190 billion), and pays for agriculture subsidies, infrastructure investments and development aid.
Juncker said the key challenges during his term will be boosting the bloc's meager growth and fostering job creation, reforming the EU's institutions, lessening energy dependence on Russia and keeping an increasingly Euroskeptical Britain from leaving the club.
"I want to move Europe in the right direction," Juncker told lawmakers last week. "We need policies promoting growth, but not by running higher budget deficits."
Crucially, analysts say, Juncker must overcome popular disenchantment with the EU, which was manifested in the May elections that handed almost one in three European Parliament seats to Euroskeptic candidates.
"Europe needs to deliver growth and jobs soon to regain the trust of its citizens," said Guntram Wolff of Brussels-based think-tank Bruegel.
Even Juncker's supporters don't claim that he's charismatic or a visionary leader, but they praise him as a straight talker with a long track record of forging compromises when EU governments and institutions are deadlocked. Coming from a small country of only 500,000 people, he is an advocate of closer European integration, and has never shied away from standing up to even the bloc's biggest members like Germany.
But Juncker's opponents, led by British Prime Minister David Cameron, view him as the embodiment of a pro-integration, consensus-favoring, empire-building Brussels clique that won't return powers to national governments. Critics also question whether his experience at running what would be a smallish province in the large EU countries is sufficient to manage the bloc's day-to-day operations and the commission's 33,000 civil servants.
British tabloids also accused Juncker of being a heavy smoker with an alcohol problem. Juncker decried that as a smear campaign and German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble, who spent many late-night business meetings with Juncker, said the Luxembourger was no teetotaler "but I never experienced him drunk."