The presidential contest narrowed to an absolute dead heat in the latest ABC News tracking poll, further raising the stakes for the third and final debate tonight in Arizona.
Heading into the candidates' final face-off, 48 percent of likely voters support President Bush, 48 percent Sen. John Kerry and 1 percent Ralph Nader. The race has been close since tracking began after the first presidential debate Sept. 30 -- but hasn't been dead even since before the Republican convention.
Interest in the election -- and the debates -- remains extraordinarily high. Sixty percent of likely voters are following the race "very closely," compared with 40 percent at about this point in 2000. Eight in 10 say they plan to watch tonight's debate.
|Sampling, data collection and tabulation for this poll were done by TNS.|
This poll is based on interviews Sunday through Tuesday night; results Tuesday were Kerry's best in any single night since ABC News tracking began Oct. 1.
Issues and Movables
Kerry is more competitive with Bush on domestic issues, the sole focus of tonight's debate — and especially on health care, a particular focus of "movable" voters, the 15 percent who haven't definitely made up their minds.
Among likely voters, Kerry leads Bush by 50 percent to 38 percent in trust to handle health care, up from an even split in early September. Among movables, Kerry's lead on health care is wider still, 59 percent to 17 percent, with the rest undecided or distrustful of both.
Another result suggests why Kerry may try to turn tonight's conversation to health care: While one in 10 likely voters call health care the top issue in their vote, that jumps to two in 10 movable voters.
On other domestic issues, likely voters trust Kerry over Bush to create jobs by a narrower 47 percent to 42 percent, and they're essentially even in trust to handle the economy (48 percent to 45 percent) and education (46 percent to 43 percent). Those are gains for Kerry; in polls last month, Bush led in trust to handle the economy and education alike.
Bush, meanwhile, maintains his customarily big lead in trust to handle terrorism, 53 percent 38 percent, as well as a nine-point lead in trust to handle Iraq. To the extent that the election is about the nation's response to terrorism, Bush benefits.
Trust to Handle the Issues
The candidates will talk tonight to their base supporters as well as to movable voters. About three in 10 Democrats and independents pick the economy as their top issue; only 13 percent of Republicans do.
Women are somewhat less likely than men to choose terrorism, and somewhat more likely to choose health care, as the top issue in their vote. For movables, the economy is far and away the No. 1 issue, with health care and Iraq tied for second.
No. 1 Issue in Presidential Vote Among Likely Voters
The top three issues -- the economy, Iraq and terrorism -- have run about even for the past week. But issue priorities can be influenced to some extent by the candidates' focus; after the first presidential debate, there was a six-point rise in the number of likely voters who cited Iraq as their No. 1 issue. A shift to domestic issues after tonight's debate, if it were to occur, could accrue to Kerry's benefit.
The question remains open, though, as to what the election will most fundamentally be about. Until the second presidential debate last week, the dialogue had been largely focused on Iraq and terrorism and related issues of leadership -- issues and attributes that have been reliable Bush strongholds. It remains to be seen to what extent domestic issues will share the spotlight with terror and Iraq, and how perceptions of the candidates' leadership, clarity and trustworthiness will play out.
In a close race, secondary issues also can play a role. In terms of its importance to voters, stem-cell research is unlikely to even approach issues such as terrorism, Iraq or the economy. But Kerry has held an 18-point lead over Bush in trust to handle stem-cell research, and as he looks for any advantage, that is one.
The race has shifted within several important groups since the ABC News tracking poll began. Movables split evenly then; now, they divide 47 percent to 39 percent between Kerry and Bush, with 4 percent for Nader and 10 percent undecided.
Kerry has gained ground among women; they split by 48 percent to 49 percent, Kerry-Bush, at the start of the month, but now favor Kerry by 12 points, 54 percent to 42 percent; most of that movement has been among married women. (Bush's support among men has remained stable over the same period.)
The partisan makeup in this poll is about even between Democrats and Republicans, 37 percent to 36 percent, with 24 percent independents. Kerry had been a bit weaker in his base, but he and Bush now take equally from the other's side -- Bush is winning support from 11 percent of Democrats, Kerry from 11 percent of Republicans.
Independents, key swing voters, divide about evenly, 47 percent for Kerry, 46 percent for Bush. White Catholics, another key swing group, split 47 percent to 50 percent, Bush-Kerry. Past elections are not predictive, but since 1980, the candidate who's won independents and white Catholics has been elected president.
This poll was conducted by telephone Oct. 10-12 among a random national sample of 1,806 adults, including 1,560 registered voters and 1,203 likely voters. The results have a three-point error margin for the likely voter sample. Sampling, data collection and tabulation was conducted by TNS of Horsham, Pa.
See previous analyses in our Poll Vault.