'This Week' Transcript: David Plouffe and Lindsey Graham

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Israel today is rocked by the largest protest in its history. More than 150,000 people are in the streets around the country demonstrating against high housing and food costs and inadequate health care and education. Police disbursed crowds in Tel Aviv, but there have been no reports of violence.

However in neighboring Syria today, the news is very grim. The Associated Press is reporting at least 62 civilians are dead, killed after Syrian tanks stormed the city of Hama before dawn. They're stepping up a crackdown on antigovernment protests. And this comes a day before the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, where nightly protests across the country are expected to grow larger.

And in Somalia today, it is a race against time, as U.N. relief workers struggle to get help to the ravaged nation. The situation is truly catastrophic, a famine borne of skyrocketing food prices and exacerbated by the worst drought in decades and perpetuated by terrorists who use food as a weapon.

ABC's David Muir is the first American correspondent in Somalia, and he's traveling with the United Nations, and he filed this report for us from Mogadishu.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

MUIR (voice-over): We flew into Mogadishu with the U.N. this morning. They now say the crisis here in Somalia is by far the most serious food emergency in the world. And this week, as the first of the aid reached the city's capital, there was something else: a gun battle, African peacekeepers trying to protect the food and the fragile government here, firing deadly shots at Islamic militants, members of al-Shabaab, who have a grip on much of this country.

This crisis is at a breaking point. Tens of thousands have fled this country by foot, some walking more than 100 miles to neighboring Kenya, traveling what the U.N. calls the roads of death.

We traveled the perilous route, too. And then this mother, sitting beneath a tree, she was almost there.

(on-screen): And how long was her journey?

(voice-over): Ten days, she tells us.

(on-screen): These are all her belongings from Somalia?

(voice-over): Yes, she says. Her own children have run ahead to the tents that now pepper the horizon, a first sign that these refugees are nearing the camps. The children who race to keep us with us, their smiles have returned. A number of refugees swelling in the desert outskirts, so many now that the doctors have come to them.

(on-screen): This is an -- this is an ambulance?

(UNKNOWN): Yes (inaudible) ambulance.

MUIR (voice-over): They take us inside their makeshift clinic.

(on-screen): So this is the waiting area here.

(voice-over): Mothers putting their children in hanging buckets to weigh them. The hunger has now spread here beyond the most susceptible, beyond babies and toddlers. It's the older children, too.

But they say if they can just get them the nutrients, you soon see what we did. Doctors Without Borders allowed our camera into their intensive care unit at the refugee camp. We saw this little girl, her tiny bones and her sagging skin, the hospital director immediately told us he saw something else: She was sitting up for the first time.

(on-screen): She's been about her two days.

(UNKNOWN): This is the third day.

MUIR: The third day.

(UNKNOWN): Yeah.

MUIR: And you can say that she's going to be OK?

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