'This Week' Transcript: Saif al-Islam and Saadi Gadhafi

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AMANPOUR: Well, let me move to Reza Aslan. You have studied a lot about the people who make up this part of the world. Who are these young people? Are they hostile to the United States? Are they friendly to the United States? What is causing them to rise up when previous generations did not?

REZA ASLAN, THE DAILY BEAST: Yes, ultimately this can be described as a youth revolution. This is a region some three-quarters of which is under the age of 35. And they're not isolated from the rest of the world the way their parents were. They have satellite television. They have Internet. They have social media.

And the monopoly that these authoritarian regimes used to have over the levers of communication simply does not exist any longer.

ASLAN: But this is a wonderful opportunity I think for a president who came to office saying he wants to reshape the relationship between the United States and the Muslim world. He's been given a gift on a platter. So the days in which we could waffle about whether we felt good about supporting the dictators or whether stability was more important than democracy, those days are over. The decision has been made for us. And it's now time to fully support the people of the region and to change the relationship, change the very narrative of the relations between the U.S. and the Muslim world.

AMANPOUR: OK, so one thing that certainly in the United States and in this region everybody is looking at is the is net beneficiary? And many are saying that without lifting a finger, it is Iran. Bob Kagan, is Iran going to come out the winner?

KAGAN: Well, if you mean the Iranian regime, I think the answer is no. I find it very hard to believe that this ferment, this desire for freedom and democracy that's sweeping the entire region is going to bypass Iran. I think that quite honestly, the Iranian leadership is right now living on borrowed time. And I hope that one thing that the Obama administration, President Obama personally recognizes is that when we didn't really come out in full-throated support of the Green Revolution after that fraudulent election we made a mistake and now it's time to get on the side of the Iranian people just as we are trying to get on the side of the Libyans and Egyptians and others in the region.

So I'm not worried that this is strengthening the Iranian regime. I think it in fact is putting it in some peril.

AMANPOUR: Jake, what do you think the White House is telling allies like Saudi Arabia and Bahrain? I mean, Saudi Arabia seems to be one of the last major allies that hasn't yet fallen? And of course the huge strategic interests of oil there and terrorism -- al Qaeda.

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