— Anne Morrow Lindbergh, the wife of
aviator Charles A. Lindbergh, who became his copilot and wrote
extensively about their pioneering adventures in flight, died at
her rural Vermont home today. She was 94.
Lindbergh died in her home in Passumpsic about 30 miles northeast of the state capital, according to her son-in-law Nathaniel Tripp.
Lindbergh, who published 13 books of memoirs, fiction, poems and essays, also lived in a secluded home in Darien, Conn.
A painfully shy woman, she was thrown into the spotlight of her famous husband immediately after they met in 1927, shortly after he made his famous solo flight across the Atlantic.
"Mother died quietly in her second home in Vermont with her family around here," said Reeve Lindbergh, the youngest of the Lindbergh children, in a statement issued by the family foundation.
She soon became her husband's co-pilot, co-navigator and radio operator. The couple's flights across oceans and around the world fascinated the American public. Didn't Enjoy the Public Eye
In 1932, the already-famous Lindberghs drew worldwide attention when their first child, 20-month-old Charles Jr., was kidnapped and murdered.
In an introduction to her journals, she affectionately recalled her famous fiancée as "a knight in shining armor, with myself as his devoted page."
Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow were married on May 27, 1929, in a private ceremony at the Morrow residence in Englewood, N.J. The couple had six children together. Charles Lindbergh died in 1974.
From 1929 to 1935, the Lindberghs flew across the United States on tours promoting air travel as a safe and convenient method of transportation.
In 1930, she became the first American woman to get a glider pilot's license.Important Flight Companion for Husband
On their flights, while her husband sat in the front seat, Lindbergh was in the rear seat, operating the radio and gathering weather conditions and landing information.
On April 20, 1930, the Lindberghs set a transcontinental speed record, flying from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hours and 45 minutes. Anne Lindbergh was seven months pregnant at the time.
In 1934, Lindbergh was the first woman to win the National Geographic Society's Hubbard Gold Medal for distinction in exploration, research and discovery.An Established Writer, With 13 Books
Lindbergh published 13 books, many of them autobiographical, including five volumes of diaries and letters that gave detailed accounts of the Lindberghs' lives from the 1920s through the 1940s.
In an introduction to Hour of Gold, Hour of Lead, the volume covering the years 1929-32, she wrote of the joy flying gave her: "Flying was a very tangible freedom. In those days, it was beauty, adventure, discovery — the epitome of breaking into new worlds."
In the same book, she wrote of the pain she and her husband felt after the body of their son was discovered in May 1932, 10 weeks after the sleeping baby was kidnapped from the Lindberghs' newly built house near Princeton, N.J.
"We sleep badly and wake up and talk. I dreamed right along as I was thinking — all of one piece, no relief. I was walking down a suburban street seeing other people's children and I stopped to see one in a carriage and I thought it was a sweet child, but I was looking for my child in his face. And I realized, in the dream, that I would do that forever. And I went on walking heavy and sad and woke heavy and sad."
Among her other books were Gift from the Sea, a 1955 best-selling collection of essays; The War Within and Without, memoirs covering the years 1939-1944, when Charles Lindbergh was criticized as being pro-Nazi; and Listen! the Wind, chronicling the Lindberghs' 1933 trip to Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia, Russia, Europe, Africa and South America.
Lindbergh, who struggled throughout her life to maintain her family's privacy, wrote of her disdain for the media spotlight: "I was quite unprepared for this cops-and-robbers pursuit, an aspect of publicity that has become a common practice with public figures. I felt like an escaped convict. This was not freedom."
She wrote in her diary that when her husband landed in Paris, he was "completely unaware of the world interest — the wild crowds below. The rush of the crowds to the plane is symbolic of life rushing at him — a new life — new responsibilities — he was completely unaware of and unprepared for."
She broke with her tradition of privacy when she opened her late husband's and even her own papers to biographer A. Scott Berg, whose book Lindbergh came out in 1998, writing to him that "you can't write about Charles without writing about me."
In 1999, another book came out, focusing this time on Lindbergh: Susan Hertog's Anne Morrow Lindbergh: A Life.
Lindbergh was born Anne Spencer Morrow, June 22, 1906, in Englewood, N.J., the second of four children. She was the daughter of Dwight Whitney Morrow, a banker who later became U.S. ambassador to Mexico and a U.S. senator, and Elizabeth Cutter Morrow, a writer and teacher.Went Flying on Her First Date With Aviator
After attending private schools, Anne Morrow entered Smith College in the fall of 1924, following in the footsteps of her mother and her older sister. Her academic record was fairly undistinguished until she began to flourish in her writing classes at Smith, where she won the Elizabeth Montagu Prize and the Mary Augusta Jordan Prize for her literary work.
In December 1927, she met Charles Lindbergh. She was a shy and studious senior at Smith College. He was already an American hero, having recently become the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
He took her flying on their first date; they were engaged within a year.
They had six children — Charles A., III, Jon, Land, Anne, Scott and Reeve.