Iraq War by the Numbers

Education:
-- Primary enrollment in 2007: 46 percent. (Sources: UNICEF, Ministry of Education)
-- Inadequate facilities across the country made it hard for students to learn, with classes interrupted by violence and displacement. Problems with electricity left many to study by hurricane lamps. Lack of air conditioning in class left many to swelter in heat.
-- Number of teachers nationwide is unknown, but a score of them are fleeing the country to escape violence. (Michael O'Hanlon, Brookings Institute)
-- Girls make up an estimated 63 percent of children not in school, with more being kept from the classroom every day because of insecurity and rising social conservatism in many areas. (UNICEF)
-- 220,000 children were displaced by the end of 2007, and lack of proper documentation prevented re-enrollment in many areas, adding to high drop-out rates of up to 5 percent for primary levels. (UNICEF, Ministry of Education)
-- At Baghdad University for the 2007-2008 school year, attendance improved to 80 percent and many teachers returned to instruct. (Sources: Brookings Institute, Washington Post)

Iraq's Children:
-- An estimated 2 million children in Iraq continue to face threats, including poor nutrition, disease and interrupted education.
-- In 2007, only 40 percent of children nationwide had reliable access to safe drinking water, and only 20 percent outside Baghdad had a working sewage service.
-- A report by the World Health Organization in March 2007 said 30 percent of Iraqi children showed classic signs of anxiety and distress, including bedwetting, poor concentration and violence.
(Source: UNICEF)

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