7 Steps to Cut Cancer Risk in Half

Mar 18, 2013 4:34pm
gty exercise ll 130124 wblog 7 Steps to Cut Cancer Risk in Half

The American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes of exercise a week. (Credit: Cultura/Getty Images)

It turns out that following the American Heart Association’s seven steps for heart health – dubbed  Life’s Simple 7 –  can also ward off cancer, according to a new study.  

Following six of the steps can even cut  cancer risk in half, said Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, a professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. She said she and her colleagues just had a hunch that following healthy-heart guidelines would also decrease the risk of cancer.

SLIDESHOW: 17 Scary Allergy Triggers

And their findings confirmed that hunch. Adhering to four of the  steps in Life’s Simple 7 resulted in a 33 percent cancer risk reduction, and following  six or seven led to a 51 percent cancer risk reduction, according to the study, which was  published today in the journal Circulation.

“We just wanted to test that hypothesis,” Rasmussen-Torvik said. “We hoped the information would provide extra motivation for the public to check out  Life’s Simple 7.”

The American Heart Association developed the seven steps in 2010 with the goal of reducing heart attack and stroke deaths by 20 percent by 2020.

Rasmussen-Torvik and her fellow researchers examined two decades of data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, looking at the health records of 13,253 patients from 1987 to 2006. They found that the more steps patients followed, the less likely they were to develop cancer.

Here are the steps in the Life Simple 7:

1.    Get active —  AHA recommends at least 150 minutes of exercise a week.

2.   Control cholesterol — Cholesterol should be lower than 200 milligrams per deciliter.

3.   Eat better — This means foods high in whole grain, fruits, vegetables and lean protein such as  fish. Limiting sodium, added sugars, trans and saturated fats is also important.

4.    Manage blood pressure — It should be less than 120/80.

5.    Lose weight — body mass index should be below 25.

6.    Reduce blood sugar — Fasting blood sugar level should be below 100, which can be achieved  by avoiding soda, candy and other desserts, as well as getting exercise.

7.    Stop smoking — AHA says  do “whatever it takes.”

The steps are cumulative, but quitting smoking was especially helpful, the researchers found.  There’s also a considerable amount of overlap in the steps, considering that getting active and eating better — steps 1 and 3 — help with cholesterol, blood pressure, weight  and blood sugar – steps 2, 4, 5, and 6.

The National Cancer Institute estimated that 12.5 million people had cancer in the United States as of Jan. 1, 2009. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 5.7 million people had heart disease.

Rasmussen-Torvik, who couldn’t say why these steps lowered cancer risk because cancer was not her area of study, said she hoped patients would  be willing to follow the Simple 7  because they decrease the risk of two potentially deadly health ailments.

“Any little added encouragement for people to adopt these recommendations is great,” she said.

SHOWS:
You are using an outdated version of Internet Explorer. Please click here to upgrade your browser in order to comment.
blog comments powered by Disqus