Peter Drucker, considered by some to be “the man who invented management,” usually gets credit for the phrase, “Culture eats strategy for breakfast.” Target’s woes following its historic data breach last November proves how true it is.
It seems clear at this point that the breach was disastrous for the company. First-quarter sales figures following the breach showed a 16% decline over the same period the year before, and Target’s stock has fallen 11 percent since December – though the $941 million quagmire that was the company’s Canada expansion certainly didn’t help matters, either.
I believe that guttered consumer confidence plays a significant role -- something that could have been avoided had Target’s post-breach emphasis been less on risk assessment and messaging and more on mitigation through quick action.
While there have been surveys that tell a different story, with at least one reporting that more than 60 percent of Target shoppers aren’t too worried about their data security, it’s worth bearing in mind what that sage pundit Sarah Palin once pointed out: polls are for strippers and cross-country skiers. The common wisdom now is that a breach can undo years of brand equity, and that appears to be the case at Target.
A New Direction
On May 28, the proxy adviser Institutional Shareholder Services recommended that Target replace seven of its 10 board members, citing the data breach last November. “The data breach revealed that the company was inadequately prepared for the significant risks of doing business in today’s electronic commerce environment,” the ISS statement said. The shareholders have since decided against the ISS recommendation, however, keeping its board members.
In a spirited written defense of the Target board, its interim chairperson pointed out that pre-breach the company had increased its information security team to 300, annually trained more than 350,000 employees to better protect customer data and had a 24-hour operations center constantly reviewing suspicious activity. Unfortunately, when the moment of truth arrived, and the warning bell clanged, someone overrode the system on several occasions and the data was leaked methodically over several days first within the Target system and then was transmitted to Russitarget="external"rel="nofollow"a for sale on the black market.
The ISS recommendation followed on the heels of some major changes at the highest levels of the company. CEO Gregg Steinhafel walked the plank in early May about a week after announcing a major hire in Bob DeRodes, formerly of Homeland Security, who became the company’s new chief information officer.
The changes at the top were a good sign, since both the breach and its fallout were the consequences of failed leadership, but they were not enough.
Target never addressed the bigger problem regarding its handling of the breach: the company was too slow, less than transparent and insufficiently empathetic -- and that was a failure of culture from the boardroom to the mail room.