Surviving a Plane Crash: 20 Tips From 20/20

Burn Survivor: Saving Stephanie Nielson
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Mommy blogger Stephanie Nielson's survival and recovery after a tragic plane crash has proven inspirational to her fans worldwide. But the fact that Nielson did survive the crash is less unusual than you might think.

Ben Sherwood, the author of "The Survivors Club -- The Secrets and Science That Could Save Your Life" and the president of ABC News, says that plane crashes are highly unlikely and the odds are that you will survive.

"You could fly every day for the next 164,000 years and not have an airplane crash," he said.

In the unlikely event of a crash, he said, we should all take comfort in the knowledge that we have the power to save ourselves.

"If a plane crashes it's very likely that I'm going to survive it, and if I do the right thing, if I pay attention, if I have a plan, if I act, the chances are even better," Sherwood said.

Here are some of Sherwood's favorite tips to keep in mind the next time you board a plane:

1. Know the statistics. There may be an urge to feel a sense of hopelessness in a crash -- accepting the worst case scenario as a given. But believe it or not, the survival rate of plane crashes is 95.7 percent. Don't ever give up and know that the probability of survival is actually very high.

2. You have only 90 seconds to get out of the plane -- just 90 seconds. Any longer and the fire can burn through the aluminum skin of the plane and engulf everything.

3. "Plus Three / Minus Eight" -- In aviation lingo this refers to the first three minutes of your plane ride and the last eight. It's during these 11 in-flight minutes that 80 percent of all plane crashes occur. So this is the time to pay extra close attention and be alert. Don't fall asleep, take off your shoes, listen to music, or take a sleeping pill during the plus three, minus eight period of your flight. The plane that carried Stephanie and Christian Nielson crashed during its initial ascent.

4. Formulate an action plan. In many cases survival is entirely up to you and Sherwood says that the moment you board a plane you should begin devising your emergency plan. Memorize where the exits are and count how many rows away they are. Also have an idea of how you would get to these exits if the passageways were blocked.

5. Being in shape helps. Although it won't always save you, being agile, fast and strong can make a huge difference in how fast you are able to get out of a burning plane and save yourself. Both Stephanie and Christian Nielson were young, fit and had an active lifestyle.

6. Being slim helps even more. In a crash you will often have to squeeze through tight spaces to get yourself out of the plane. The thinner you are, the easier that will be.

7. Don't panic. Panic is the enemy of survival. Most people in an emergency actually do not panic or act irrational, but they freeze and await instructions. Try to stay calm and make sure you are focused on your action plan so that you don't freeze.

8. In most emergencies, there are 10 percent of people who have the ability to think absolutely clearly and instruct others on how to save themselves. If you find yourself unwillingly frozen and you come in contact with one of these impressive 10 percent of people, listen to them and follow their instructions.

9. Have a plan B. It's not enough to locate one exit and plan on reaching it in the case of an emergency. Locate a second way out of the plane in case your first one is obstructed or inaccessible.

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