How Fast Can You Get Out of Debt?

PHOTO: A clock is pictured in this stock image. Getty Images
A clock is pictured in this stock image.

intro: You’ve decided enough is enough and you are going to get out of credit card debt. And you probably want to do it as fast as you can. So how long will it take?

Don’t have a clue?

That’s not surprising, considering you probably have several cards all with different interest rates and monthly payments.

More From Credit.com: How to Pay off Credit Card Debt

Families with credit card debt carry an average balance of $5,700, according to the 2014 Survey of Consumer Finances. And, of course, that’s often on top of other debts such as auto loans, mortgages or student loans.

Paying off this debt means more money to spend on the things you want or need. That’s the main benefit, of course, but another plus is that you may see your credit scores improve if you pay off credit card balances. Next to your payment history, the debt you carry is the second most important factor in most credit scoring models. And, in fact, reducing credit card debt can be one of the fastest ways to improve your scores. (You can get your credit score for free from Credit.com and find out how your debt impacts your credit.) Obviously, getting out of credit card debt has major benefits, and you can find out how fast you can get out of debt in just a few steps.

First, gather information for each debt: balance, interest rate and minimum payment. You can probably get your hands on that in seconds, either by logging into your online accounts, calling your card issuers or looking at your latest statements that came in the mail. (You can even guesstimate for now.)

Your second step is to just plug that information into a credit card payoff calculator which can show you how fast you can pay off your debt. Don’t worry about creating a detailed spreadsheet, or agonize about whether you are going to use the “snowball” or “avalanche” method to pay off your debt. That can come later. Right now you just want to get an idea of what it will take. And a simple debt payoff calculator can help you do that.

More From Credit.com: Credit Card Payoff Calculator

How to Speed It Up

That payoff data may seem forever away, but there are ways for you to speed up the process.

quicklist: title: Lower your interest rates. text: When you have a lower interest rate, more of your money goes toward principal (the actual debt you owe) each month. You may be able to lower your interest rate by negotiating with your card issuers.

quicklist: title: Do a balance transfer. text: If you can qualify for a low-rate balance transfer, you can move your debt from one card to another and save a lot of money. Start by asking your current card issuer whether they have offers available. If not, you may want to shop for a low-rate balance transfer card.

quicklist: title: Get a consolidation loan. text: A low-rate personal loan can be an excellent option for credit card debt consolidation. If you qualify for one of these loans, you’ll usually have a fixed interest rate, and a set monthly payment which makes it easier to budget. Best of all, it’s easy to find out what your debt-free date for this loan will be.

quicklist: title: Pay more each month. text: Whether you decide to take on a side job or gig, or get serious about cutting back your spending (or both). putting extra money toward your debt can help you get out of debt faster — and often a lot faster than you realize. For example, take someone who has two credit cards with balances. One has a $3,000 balance at 15 percent, and the other is a $2,500 balance at 17.9 percent.

At a minimum monthly payment of $131 it will take just over five years to be debt-free and cost a little over $8,000 (with 33 percent of that being interest). But pay less than $100 more a month — $222 a month total — and you can be debt-free in two years and seven months, and the total cost will be $6,753 with only 19 percent of that interest.

Any opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author.