The Women's Media Center, an organization that works to make women visible and powerful in media, said the actual number of female nominees in behind-the-scenes, non-acting roles actually dropped by 2 percentage points from last year's nominations, even after the academy's overhaul of its membership.
With no female directors and only one writer nominated this year, women were still underrepresented in the major categories.
"We have a saying, 'If you can see it, you can be it,' but in the crucial behind-the-scenes non-acting roles, our 'Women’s Media Center Investigation' shows that what you see is 80 percent of all nominees are men," Julie Burton, president of the Women’s Media Center, said in a news release. "Four out of five nominees are men -- meaning male voices and perspectives are largely responsible for what we see on screen."
The academy did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment.
There were some notable exceptions.
Director Ava DuVernay, who became the first woman of color to have a film she directed nominated for Best Picture with 2014’s "Selma," received a nomination in the documentary feature category this year for her film "13th," about the history of African-Americans and mass incarceration. Women have historically been well represented in the documentary categories.
This year also saw some breakthrough nominees. Mica Levi, the composer of the score to "Jackie," became the first woman since 2000 nominated for best original score. Joi McMillon, the co-editor for "Moonlight," became the first African-American women ever nominated in the editing category.
Meanwhile, there has never been a woman nominated in the cinematography category.