Was the Seasonal Flu Shot Risk a Scare?

CDC: No increased risk for H1N1 virus following last year's seasonal flu shot.

ByABC News
September 25, 2009, 5:30 PM

Sept. 26, 2009— -- Canadian research suggested this week that the seasonal flu vaccination may increase the risk of catching the H1N1 pandemic strain, but government officials said such a pattern has not been found in the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

The unpublished work appears to suggest that people who had been vaccinated against last year's seasonal flu were about twice as likely as others to catch the pandemic strain when it appeared this spring.

But statistics from the CDC do not show a similar risk.

"It is difficult to speak about a study that has yet to be published," said CDC spokesman Joe Quimby, a senior press officer.

But, he added, "it is important to note that scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have not seen this effect in systems we have reviewed in the U.S."

"We continue to urge people to receive both the seasonal flu vaccine and the 2009 H1N1 vaccine," Quimby said.

Likewise, an official of the World Health Organization (WHO) said that investigators in countries other than Canada had not found a similar risk increase when they looked at their own data.

"We are in contact with other countries and are having them look at their own data to see if they could have similar observations, and none has been able to find anything like that," said Marie-Paule Kieny, director of the World Health Organization's vaccine research initiative.

"The reason why this may be different in Canada and in this particular study than in other places of the world is not yet identified," she told reporters during a telephone press conference.

Kieny said experts are now trying to decide whether the effect is real or a result of "study bias."

The Canadian research -- drawn from studies in three Canadian provinces during the spring pandemic outbreak -- has been submitted for publication to a scholarly journal, and the lead authors were not immediately available for comment.

But co-author Dr. Danuta Skowronski, of the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control in Vancouver, told the Canadian Press she wanted more scrutiny on the Canadian research in question.