Don't Let Colds and Flu Steal Your Holiday Cheer

Dr. William Schaffner gives tips on how to keep colds and the flu at bay.
1:51 | 12/23/11

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Transcript for Don't Let Colds and Flu Steal Your Holiday Cheer
Colds and flu can make this -- -- can make us miserable but influenza can make -- -- sick. So what causes these diseases. That caused by viruses. Viruses that into our bodies through our noses in our mouths and back into our throats. And spread from person to person. Usually through very close contact. One person breathes out the virus the other person who's usually within three feet. Breeds the virus in and then the virus settles back -- -- Importantly. They can also be transmitted by hands. It'll that a virus on your hand in the -- touch your nose -- your mouth and the virus is there and can it to us these diseases would like to prevent so how would we can prevent. Fundamental. To prevention is influenza vaccine. It's now recommended that everyone in the United States -- than six months of age should be vaccinated against influenza every year. Behind vaccination hand hygiene is important news those hands sanitized -- frequently. Wash your hands with soap and water filled with me it's despite all that. That's to be expected so what should we do keep -- fluids up because that will help keep those mucous membranes moist. And it won't be -- scratchy. In your throat gets some sinusitis in your sinuses to clog the paint can nice warm shower. Take over -- -- it it's need to benefit. Two -- leave your fever other than that. Trying to -- it to others if you're going to cough and sneeze and at -- do so in the crook of your elbow still broadcast the virus all about. Keep some distance.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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