Gunshot Victims to Be Frozen in Time

A Pittsburgh hospital plans to chill patients to buy them time.
3:00 | 03/28/14

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Transcript for Gunshot Victims to Be Frozen in Time
Currently patients who have suffered a cardiac arrest for the heart stops from major trauma rarely survive less than one attend these patients leave the hospital -- He PR or emergency preservation -- resuscitation. He is a novel way there were hoping -- try to resuscitate trial patients who suffered cardiac arrest. -- we have to. We have 22 year old gunshot wound to the chest his agony PR buys time because the body can't tolerate not having blood flow for. More even more than just a few minutes by calling them we can buy time by -- slowing down the processes that occur when there's no blood flow. Two vital organs like heart and brain this allows surgeons. To repair injuries and save the patient's blood pressure on the a patient might come into the emergency department having suffered a gunshot wound or stab wound. And -- a patient doesn't have a -- the coffee. Health routine care for some -- this would include. Putting in -- to help them breathe. Putting in large intravenous. Catheters and even lots of fluids and blood but all these endeavors don't often work. If you are we can do this sometimes open -- -- to help. -- it's called open test CPR but this still doesn't work in many circumstances. With he PR -- lose and do is put in a large to two vehicle to administer a large amount of ice cold fluid. To patient or to cool them down. 250 degrees once they're cool. Now in some time to get the patient to the operating room for the surgeons to control the bleeding. And only to resuscitate -- and delayed fashion. The interest in using hypothermia. Therapy weekly after. Various types of problems such as Couric -- -- trauma. -- -- from noticing that their patients who -- in cold water and survive incredibly long times underneath the water. That appears a hypothermic could have increased preserving effect. If you have a credit -- -- therapeutic. Hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Involves just cooling patients by about six or seven degrees below normal. Free PR we're talking about calling him by almost fifty degrees below normal temperatures. This type of -- is an urban tried before and trauma patients. For conducting any kind of research like this in patients he didn't significant amount of preclinical work is so at this -- -- work in the situation. Our studies suggest that he PR can save lives. Obviously patient who has a cardiac arrest is not in position to be able to give us consent might do it for -- routine type of -- study. The sniper trial need to do community constitutionally tell the community about this project that we're trying to do. And get their feedback. And also disclose -- to the public so people know that we are doing this trial in this area. The saddest thing goes -- to you previewed. -- federal agencies as well as local ethics boards. That way we can maintains the appropriate safety for the public as we conduct this trial. Because this is the new technique and very few people. Know how to do this won't be able apply this in every patient who -- the appropriate criteria. So there will -- patients who come through who might be -- three PR. -- for the moment we would not rule and we continue our standard care. Patients who suffered blunt trauma which is -- from car accidents from falls not included in the study will also not -- including children. Pregnant women -- people over the age to 65. If you have any questions or concerns about the study. Or you do not wish to participate. You can contact us. We think you'll take around fifteen -- twenty minutes to get the cooling accomplished. Hopefully within 49 minutes to an hour the surgeons can't control the bleeding. At that point we have his heart lung machine to start the circulation again. Has set -- -- process that might take another hour to two hours. Plan to start the study with approximately ten patients. We'll see how the results are going at that point -- -- may continue general additional patients has needed. We think this will happen over the next year -- two years. Our goal of the two. First resuscitate the patient that the heart -- starts again. And then we want to watch some closely to make sure they make up. They don't develop organ system failure. And they will the in the hospital and go back to him having normal lives.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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