"Sexual assault is a real problem that demands a real response," New York Attorney General Letitia James, a Democrat, said Thursday. "Proper medical attention and accurate evidence collection are of critical importance to supporting survivors. I am deeply concerned about companies selling kits that deter individuals from seeking professional care and purport to collect evidence without knowing whether the evidence will be admissible in court."
The founders of both companies have said their goal is to empower survivors of sexual assault, not to discourage people from going to police.
On its website, The Preserve Group's co-founder, Jane Mason, said its kits were intended for home use by women who don't want to get a sexual assault examination, but still want the option of collecting evidence that could be given to authorities in the future.
"I think the backlash against these products is really just a shame," said Mason, who said she is a retired FBI agent. She said it is "ultimately the judge's decision what evidence is admissible and isn't admissible in court."
Mason said the Preserve kit has been available on Amazon for about a month for just under $40, but few have sold.
MeToo's kits are not for sale yet. Company co-founder Madison Campbell described herself as a "sexual assault survivor who did not report."
"MeToo Kit's mission is to help survivors of sexual assault who are unwilling to go to the police or the hospital to collect time-sensitive DNA evidence," Campbell said in a statement.
"While we agree with the AG James that the traditional public health and legal system do not charge for the collection of sexual assault evidence, many survivors find their interactions with these systems traumatic in terms of time and emotion," Campbell said. "We believe survivors have the right to collect evidence of their assault, independent from the traditional legal and health systems."
In past interviews, she said she started the company because of her own experience as a sexual assault survivor.
"For me, I didn't feel like I was capable of talking to anybody about this," Campbell told Norfolk, Virginia TV station WTKR. "I didn't want anybody to console me and I was incredibly scared to have anyone touch my body, and I know that I'm not alone."
Camille Cooper, vice president of public policy for the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, called the kits a "very bad idea."
"It's guaranteed this evidence is inadmissible by any standard," she said.
The Maryland-based International Association of Forensic Nurses said the at-home kits "provide no healthcare benefit."
Patricia Teffenhart, executive director of the New Jersey Coalition Against Sexual Assault, called the marketing of the MeToo kits "disingenuous at best and dangerous at worst."
AP writer Sean Murphy in Oklahoma City contributed to this report.