The government has responded to the omicron-fueled wave of infections by passing new restrictions aimed at encouraging vaccine holdouts to get their jabs or be increasingly shut out of recreational and even essential activities, such as taking a bus or subway to work.
Premier Mario Draghi, though, has faced criticism for his government's decision last week to mandate vaccinations for anyone 50 and older.
Critics say the fine for noncompliance, which starts at 100 euros ($113), is far too low to make defying the requirement hurt. But the fines rise significantly — to as high as 1,600 euros (nearly $1,800) —for those in that age group who enter their workplaces starting in mid-February if they still aren't vaccinated.
Meeting with reporters on Monday, Draghi defended the vaccine obligation.
"The data tells us that those older than 50 run greater risks, and that intensive care units are occupied by two-thirds of those not vaccinated,'' the premier said.
Doctors have also been warning that the flood of COVID-19 patients in recent weeks creates the risk that hospitals will not be able to do regular surgeries or offer proper care to non-COVID-19 patients.
Italy, where the coronavirus outbreak first erupted in Europe in February 2020, has fully vaccinated 86% of its 12-and-over population, and nearly 75% of those who are eligible have received a booster.
But 2 million people out of Italy’s population of 60 million are currently positive, impacting essential services. School districts have complained they don't have enough teachers to reopen, since so many are positive or in quarantine.
Two southern regions, Sicily and Campania which includes Naples, defied the government by keeping their schools closed on Monday. But after a parent challenged the closure in court, the schools in Campania were ordered to reopen on Tuesday.
Draghi said he wanted to depart from the previous government's decision to close schools during the first year of the pandemic, calling schools “fundamental to democracy.”
“We want to be cautious, very cautious, but also to minimize the economic and social effects, but above all on kids, who suffered the most" by the long school closures, Draghi said.
Young people “in the evening go to pizzerias, they do sports all afternoon,'' the premier added. ”It makes no sense to close schools and to not close the rest" of society.
Italian teachers are required to be vaccinated and some 99% are, according to Education Minister Patrizio Bianchi.
Frances D'Emilio contributed to this report.
Follow all AP stories on the pandemic at https://apnews.com/hub/coronavirus-pandemic.