Burgum said in a statement that doctors and nurses “need our help, and they need it now.”
The mandate requires residents to wear face coverings in indoor businesses and indoor public settings, as well as outdoor public settings where physical distancing isn’t possible.
Failure to comply with the mandate is an infraction, with a penalty of up to $1,000, though it’s not clear how the order will be enforced.
Burgum also directed all bars and restaurants to limit capacity to 50%, and closed all in-person service between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m. Large-scale venues also are limited to 25% capacity.
Playoff championship contests and performance events sponsored by the North Dakota High School Activities Association during the month of November may continue under the order. But all high school winter sports and other extracurricular K-12 school activities are suspended until Dec. 14.
Burgum said the pause in activities will help keep schools open to in-person instruction.
The order comes after the state reached a grim new milestone on Friday as its COVID-19 death toll eclipsed the 700 mark, rising by 10 to 707, according to state health data.
The deaths reported Friday bring the total to 144 in November alone, or about a dozen deaths daily for the month.
Health officials on Friday also recorded 1,441 new coronavirus infections. That raises the statewide total since the pandemic reached North Dakota in mid-March to 60,602.
Burgum for months had avoided statewide mandates regarding mask-wearing and business occupancies, instead stressing a personal responsibility message.
“Our situation has changed, and we must change with it,” Burgum said in a video message posted at 10 p.m. Friday.
There were 2,373 new cases per 100,000 people in North Dakota over the past two weeks, which ranks first in the country for new cases per capita, Johns Hopkins University researchers said. One in every 81 people in North Dakota have tested positive for the virus in the past week.
The number of North Dakota patients currently hospitalized was 293 on Friday, down one from Thursday. There were 1,354 new recoveries reported, bringing the total number to 49,409 since the pandemic began.
There were only nine staffed intensive care beds and 160 staffed inpatient beds available in the state on Friday.