JAKARTA, Indonesia -- Exiled Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy arrived Thursday in Indonesia to meet some of the country’s lawmakers as he considers when and how to make his long-promised return to his homeland.
He said he would meet some Indonesian lawmakers and civic groups and intends to return to Cambodia as soon as possible to lead a nonviolent movement to unseat Cambodian’s long-serving authoritarian prime minister, Hun Sen.
Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng said on Saturday after Sam Rainsy failed to return that he would now be allowed to enter the country, but would have to face several convictions and pending court cases, all of which Sam Rainsy says are politically motivated.
However, the opposition leader still faces trouble traveling in the region. Thailand, from which he intended to cross by land into Cambodia, barred his entry.
Although he was admitted to Malaysia, it was only after negotiations about his stay. He did not fly as scheduled to Jakarta on Wednesday, with Malaysia Airlines initially saying it would not carry him because Indonesian authorities had advised it not to.
Indonesian immigration officials said he was not barred from entry, and the airline later changed its story. Sam Rainsy said only that he missed his flight.
“They don’t want me to come to Cambodia. The government,” he replied when a reporter asked why he was being deterred from returning. “Why is he (Hun Sen) afraid of me? I have bare hands. I have no weapons. I have no arms. I have no money. I just have two colleagues with me. So, why are they so afraid of me?”
His said his message to the Cambodian people was: “Keep up the hope. Keep up the fight. Democracy will prevail.”
Asked when he would return, he told reporters it could be “anytime.”
“Maybe tomorrow, maybe the day after tomorrow,” he said. “Anytime because the situation in Cambodia can change very quickly.”
The Cambodian Embassy in Jakarta issued a statement urging Indonesian authorities to “take action” against Sam Rainsy, asserting that he was violating the terms of his Indonesian visa — which it described as a tourist visa — by involving himself in politics and “discrediting a fellow friendly ASEAN country,” referring to the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
In Cambodia, Hun Sen said Thursday that he had ordered the Justice Ministry to work with the courts to arrange the release on bail of scores of opposition supporters who were arrested ahead of Sam Rainsy’s planned return.
He said their release would have conditions attached: charges against them would not be dropped, they could not leave the country, and they have to show up whenever requested by the authorities.
"This task is importantly needed for the sake of national unity, for the sake of maintaining peace and safety for the entire people, because those people were deceived by their leader," Hun Sen said in a speech at the opening of a cement factory in southern Kampot province.
He also repeated his frequent assertion that he intends to remain prime minister until 2028. He has already held power for 34 years.
Hun Sen said other exiled opposition members would be welcome to return without being arrested or charged.
On Wednesday, Hun Sen’s government declared it had “fully defeated” plans by Sam Rainsy and his colleagues to topple the administration.
The co-leader of the Cambodia National Rescue Party, Ken Sokha, was released from house arrest on Sunday in what was seen as a move to win favor from the European Union, which is considering taking away preferential trade terms for Cambodian imports because of Cambodia’s poor record on labor and human rights. The EU is to issue its final decision in February.
Sopheng Cheang reported from Phnom Penh, Cambodia.