Several organizations will be involved in carrying out the three-year initiative, which aims to create more job opportunities and protections for asylum seekers.
In Mexico, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has been working with government officials to place people in central and northern Mexico cities, where there are more jobs. Migrants who have been granted asylum and therefore can legally work contributed 40.6 million pesos ($2.1 million) to the Mexican economy last year, according to the EU.
Extreme violence, poverty, political conflict and food and medicine scarcity have driven tens of thousands of people to leave their home countries in Latin America and elsewhere around the world.
In Costa Rica, a nation of about 5 million people, nearly 60,000 migrants sought asylum last year. Most are Nicaraguans who are highly educated and in professional fields. Hundreds of Nicaraguans were killed and thousands were injured during anti-government protests in 2018 in what human rights advocates say has been an egregious crackdown on dissent.
People who are granted asylum in the Mexico get permanent residency in the country, meaning they can work and eventually become citizens. But many aren’t equipped to find steady work.
Gerardina González Marroquín, director of the International Labor Organization for Mexico and Cuba, said the agreement signed Thursday will fortify relationships between non-governmental groups that help migrants.
“We are absolutely convinced that working is the best form of social integration, that work dignifies a person, that work solves poverty, that work generates growth,” González Marroquín said.