The charge brought Thursday in the town of Abadiania accuses Joao Teixeira de Faria of sexual violation through fraud, though a judge has yet to confirm the charge.
Hundreds of people have accused the man known as John of God of sexual abuse or rape, and he surrendered to authorities on Sunday. Some of those coming forward say the crimes took place when they were children. They include his daughter
De Faria became an international celebrity from his base in rural Brazil.
Police say the investigations are complicated by the fact that many of the cases took place years ago. Current law gives victims six months to report cases of abuse.