Regional abortion rights restrictions spark debate in Spain

A regional government’s move to restrict abortion rights in a large part of central Spain has reignited debate on the issue in the southern European country, in the runup to this year’s local elections

ByThe Associated Press
January 13, 2023, 10:13 AM

MADRID -- A regional government's move to restrict abortion rights in a large part of central Spain reignited debate Friday on the issue in the southern European country, in the runup to this year's local elections.

Under the new measures adopted by the conservative and far-right coalition governing the Castile and Leon region, women seeking an abortion there must be offered optional access to unsolicited resources by doctors before starting the procedure.

These include listening to the fetus’s heartbeat, having a 4D ultrasound scan, and getting psychological advice, in a bid to reduce the number of abortions.

Patients are free to turn down any of these suggestions.

The new measures were presented Thursday by the regional government’s far-right vice president, Juan García-Gallardo, whose Vox party is the junior coalition partner of Spain's mainstream conservative Popular Party in Castile and Leon. Spain's regional governments have jurisdiction over public health policy at a regional level. The country faces regional elections in June.

“We are going to offer every parent who wants to see it a real-time video to see the head, the hands, the feet, the fingers. In short, all the parts of the body of the child that is being gestated," García-Gallardo said.

Spanish Health Minister Carolina Darias said that no compromises would be allowed in the field of abortion rights.

García-Gallardo insisted Friday that the measures would immediately enter into force in Castile and Leon, home to around 2,5 million of Spain's 47 million inhabitants.

The announcement drew strong criticism across Spain, particularly from the left-wing central government. Most women ministers rushed to condemn what they described as an attack on women’s rights — a main political banner for Spain’s governing coalition.

A leading conservative figure and head of the Madrid region, Isabel Díaz Ayuso, jumped into the debate announcing a new anti-abortion helpline for pregnant women.

“Although the left doesn’t think so, it is women who must freely decide the information they want to receive,” said Ayuso.

In Spain, abortion is allowed up until the 14th week of pregnancy, and the country has recently made several moves to strengthen abortion rights nationwide.

Last year, the left-wing controlled parliament passed a law to ban the intimidation of women entering abortion clinics, where anti-abortion groups often used to demonstrate in a bid to make patients change their minds. The country also dumped the requirement for 16- and 17-year-olds to obtain parental consent before terminating a pregnancy.

While Catholicism is not Spain's official faith, it retains a strong influence over parts of the population. Strongly Catholic for centuries, the country was governed from 1935-75 by the self-described national-Catholic regime of military dictator Gen. Francisco Franco.


This story has been corrected to show that Madrid region head Ayuso announced a new anti-abortion helpline, and did not criticize the new measure.

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