Apostolic Nuncio Aldo Giordano, representing the Vatican, said during the ceremony that Hernández “will be called blessed and celebrated every year.”
He added that Hernández is capable of uniting Venezuelans, despite their differences, even religious and ideological. Both government and opposition figures sent tweets Friday celebrating the first Venezuelan layman to be beatified. The other three are female members of religious orders.
Fewer than 300 people, almost entirely priests and nuns, attended the event in the small chapel of a Catholic school on the edge of a mountainous national park north of the capital of Caracas. The ritual was carried live on television.
Hernández, born on Oct. 26, 1864, was convinced that science was one of the main ways to get the country out of misery. He founded two research institutions and several classes at the Central University of Venezuela, the oldest and largest in the country.
“He believed that medicine was a priesthood of human pain,” Luis Razetti, a prominent Venezuelan doctor and friend of Hernández, once said.
Hernández, who never married, graduated as a doctor in Caracas in 1888. He traveled to Europe to study and then to become a Catholic monk, but his fragile health was affected by Italy’s cold and humid weather. He returned to Venezuela to recover and stayed permanently.
On June 29, 1919, he was killed while crossing a street shortly after picking up medicines at a pharmacy to take to an impoverished woman. An estimated 20,000 people participated in his funeral procession, about a quarter of the population of Caracas at the time.
In 1986, the Vatican declared Hernández “venerable,” which means that he led an exemplary Christian life. But to achieve sanctity, teams of doctors, theologians and cardinals must approve two miracles attributed to him.
He was beatified after the church certified a miracle in the case of Yaxury Solorzano, a girl who completely recovered after being shot in the head.
Beatification is the third and penultimate step toward canonization. Hernández could become a saint if he is credited with another miracle.
Many of the people who have been beatified never went on to be declared saints, while others were canonized, often centuries later. Among the more than 10,000 saints recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, fewer than 100 were laypeople.
But in the hearts of many Venezuelans, Hernández is already a saint.
“José Gregorio was a healer, he would not have wanted us to risk going out on the street for him,” said María Delgado, a 68-year-old retiree, who on Friday bought candles to light at home before a statuette of the doctor.
Pope Francis signed the decree for the beatification in June. In a video message Thursday, he noted that the beatification will take place at a challenging time for Venezuelans, saying, “I am aware that these prolonged hardships and anguish have been aggravated by the terrible pandemic of COVID-19 that affects us all.”
“I have very present today so many dead, so many infected by the coronavirus who have paid with their lives. ... I also have in mind all those who have left the country in search of better living conditions, and also those who are deprived of freedom and those who lack what is most necessary.”
The Friday celebration was to be led by the Vatican Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, but his trip was canceled largely due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Vatican said this week.