The alliance — originally among the U.S., Canada and 10 Western European nations — was formed in 1949 in response to threats posed by the Soviet Union and communist expansion in Europe.
In a July interview with The New York Times, Trump said he would make the United States’ commitment to defense of other NATO members contingent on whether they have “fulfilled their obligations to us.”
“We’re talking about countries that are doing very well. Then yes, I would be absolutely prepared to tell those countries, ‘Congratulations, you will be defending yourself,’” he told the Times.
In a March appearance on ABC News’ “This Week,” Trump suggested the organization was “obsolete” because it was focused on Russia, not terrorism.
“I think NATO’s obsolete. NATO was done at a time you had the Soviet Union, which was obviously larger, much larger than Russia is today. I’m not saying Russia’s not a threat. But we have other threats. We have the threat of terrorism, and NATO doesn’t discuss terrorism, NATO’s not meant for terrorism,” he said.
Trump walked back that comment in August, saying NATO had since formed “a new division focused on terror threats,” but the nonpartisan website PolitiFact said that he was referring to a relatively minor intelligence-sharing policy change and that there was “no evidence” that his comments spurred the shift.