Today the atmosphere in the Democratic stronghold of New York City, where she gave her concession speech, was one uncertain in terms of what happened in the election as well as the path forward for the party.
Book-length post-mortems are likely to be written in the months and years to come, but for now, here are some of the possible missteps from her campaign that stand out:
Underestimating Trump’s Appeal
“We need to be elevating the Pied Piper candidates so that they are leaders of the pack and tell the press to take them seriously,” the memo said.
Trump, who blended celebrity cachet with vocal right-leaning populism, had no formal political experience, and voters saw him as more likely to bring change to Washington than a candidate who has been in the highest reaches of government for much of this century.
Getting the Map Wrong
After those defeats, Clinton largely left the two states untouched, giving Trump room to close the gap and generate enthusiasm by holding rallies.
Trump included Michigan in his final day of barnstorming, a choice that seemed like hubris to some observers. In retrospect, his ability to draw enthusiasm from the same working class white voters who helped propel Sanders to victory in those two states helped him to turn Wisconsin red while Clinton didn’t mount a substantial defense.
Michigan has yet to be projected by ABC News, but with 96 percent of the expected vote in, Trump held a margin of about 13,000 votes.
Basket of Deplorables
Accusations of elitism dogged Clinton throughout her political campaign, and they came to the fore in a big way in September when she said that half of Trump’s supporters belonged in a “basket of deplorables.”
The comment, which she made at a star-studded fundraiser in New York City, was immediately slammed by Republicans. It was a sign of “how little she thinks of the hard-working men and women of America,” said Trump campaign communications adviser Jason Miller.
Overnight, “deplorable” became a rallying cry for Trump supporters, some of whom added it to their names on social media. The phrase never quite faded away during October and early November and served to reinforce many of the stereotypes cultivated by Clinton critics, despite her later apology for the characterization.
Lack of Transparency
Bardack said in a statement released by the campaign that Clinton “has been experiencing a cough related to allergies” and that she was diagnosed with pneumonia on Friday “during follow-up evaluation of her prolonged cough.”
The handling of the incident and the timing of the disclosure played into criticism that she lacked transparency.
Some Clinton defenders said that the characterization smacked of sexism, but voters said Clinton was untrustworthy 2 to 1 in exit poll data — almost identical to Trump’s numbers.
Playing It Safe
The Clinton campaign appeared to have everything a front-runner for the presidency could want going into an election. In the primaries, Clinton received a near consensus of endorsements from the Democratic Party establishment. In the general election, she received the endorsement of nearly every newspaper and magazine that issued one. She had Barack Obama, a sitting president, and celebrities like LeBron James, Beyonce, Lady Gaga and Bruce Springsteen campaigning for her in the race’s final hours. And there was the financial advantage she showed over Trump, which was significantly buoyed by big-budget donors.
The campaign’s closing message, however, was difficult to define, beyond calls for voters to help prevent Trump from taking the reins.
“Over the weekend, his campaign took away his Twitter account,” Obama said while on the stump for her this Monday. “Now, if your closest advisers don’t trust you to tweet, then how can we trust him with the nuclear codes?”
Many of Clinton’s policies with populist appeal, like raising the federal minimum wage to $12 dollars an hour, seemed to be downplayed in the final hours of the campaign.
To the surprise of some observers, Clinton and her surrogates made last-minute stops in Michigan, despite polling showing her with a lead there in October.
It now appears to have been too little, too late.