Afghan Security Deal Could Mean U.S. Troop Presence Extension

Officials negotiate the terms of an agreement to secure Afghanistan after U.S. hands over responsibility.
13:05 | 11/21/13

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Transcript for Afghan Security Deal Could Mean U.S. Troop Presence Extension
This is a special group. Hello I'm tired and is in New York with his ABC news digital special report. A new bilateral deal with Afghanistan is raising eyebrows here at home. A committee of 2500 Afghan elders called a -- -- is set to vote on -- That would allow about 101000 American troops to stay in Afghanistan -- 2014 but. Bob administration has said before that all combat troops are set to leave that country by the end of next year from one potential deal -- would bring in ABC's most commonly in Kabul and he easily Martinez at the Pentagon. Hmmm let's start with you tell us about -- Well this was an agreement that was months and months and in the making -- several disagreements. Over the course of the negotiations just to get a final tax that they could present to the Afghan people in fact it. There were -- -- up until just a few hours before the text was tabled and released what we do without. Senator nuts and -- of the deal we're looking at approximately 101000 American troops it would stay on in Afghanistan once the international mandate and here in 2014. We also know that America would retain control of nine basis with full freedom to apply -- in and out of the country and it -- -- the -- can I just issues American soldiers that didn't -- would be given full immunity in other words. When they're caught doing something wrong that couldn't be prosecuted under Afghan law but they could be prosecuted under American law those are some of the nuts and -- of the deal that 1252500. Afghan delegates are now looking over -- going to be debating over the next few days and we're expecting a final vote either yes or no on Sunday. All right and let me just bring him in nineteen is here and -- How does that complicate matters -- for the State Department with the president's are promising that troops would be out of that much sooner than it looks like they would be under this agreement. What I actually they. -- this is this agreement is exactly what the Obama administration have been wanting. They had been wanting what the caller residual force. Several thousand it's unclear what the numbers -- -- moms are -- 101000. But that number has yet to be firmly decided by the US. The idea being that after the combat mission that NATO combat mission and at the end of next year that there would be -- residual force. Several thousand that trainers and advisors they would stick around in Afghanistan. To provide the Afghan security forces with the help that they need. Because they're still gonna need assistance in getting from place to place they're still gonna need assistance in maintaining good order discipline. -- they've had over the last couple of years so while the combat mission ends that was agreed to by NATO everyone agrees on that and actually. A lot of American troops are not going -- -- patrols anymore. -- through that the end of that deadline and then it's expected transition at the end of next year actually train and assist mission this document just formalizes this. And it was something that the administration wanted and you heard -- talk about those nuts and bolts. Issues that the administration really wanted. Casey didn't want a repeat of what happened in Iraq where they couldn't negotiate such a deal and -- -- the United States that well that's it we're gonna leave. And that's what happened at the end of 2011. And the security situation has gone down hill since then. -- -- we let me just check back with my comment about some of the -- -- of this deal and court was negotiated with what exactly is a -- -- -- -- about the very -- quite 200 backtracked a bit you know President Karzai in his authority as president could sign -- document on his -- but instead he deported he I want the Afghan people to decide on the future relationship with the United States and reconvene the -- the Loya -- now a Jirga is basically a gathering of -- in the village Afghans have been using this as a dispute resolution. -- -- -- A Loya Jirga is essentially a national boards in about -- in this case you have twice 500 delegates from every corner of the country you have women you have activist -- politicians. You have some. Tribal village elders who aren't -- -- illiterate who can't even read the document that they're voting on. So it's a very broad spectrum from the Afghan population they've all come together in Kabul under very high security I should point out to look over that document to debate this document to disgusted and devote its almost like taking a part of Afghan traditional decision making measures. And bringing it into the 21 century into modern political system and that's exactly this. Very unique process that we're seeing pulled out over the next day. Let's play a little bit of what harm that cars I had to say that dad. We support the agreement and let America should respect the lives of our people respect our -- respect our independence. And be loyal and honest in our alliance. OK so so some morning they're from on the cars -- that the United States. Needs to behave has the Loya Jirga had done a lot for local support. You know it it's very difficult to say we -- to a number of delegates today they were leaving the first day of the lawyer -- and you know it's not a scientific poll that I could say each and every person that we spoke to support this document on the young Afghans have gone to a lot they've gone through decades of war civil war rule by the Taliban. And -- insurgency by the Taliban. They're very aware of the notion that if American troops leave. Everything that they've achieved over the last twelve years could simply be washed away so the Afghans want American troops. And -- got -- to be spoken since. Want to American troops to say that they've taken a step further and that they want American troops here are drawn to protect us -- if you -- to protect those they can do -- wholeheartedly. And that you do it sincerely Richard what haven't Carson might have been talking about there. But to actually seeing it through to protect us didn't give it to what did -- need. Give -- the logistics would give that the training air support that we need and help us. To make our country secure that with -- in -- from American soldiers. -- we have some more sound of play on this topic and -- want to get your reaction to this. After replace secretary of state John Kerry was testifying at -- -- for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee he was asked outside. I reporters about the possible deal to extend troop presence here's what he had to say. -- is way shorter than any kind of years and years it is to help the Afghan military. Train. -- we will advise. As a period of time. I have no contemplation. I've heard from the president or otherwise about. Some exercise here's why it's important no ma'am -- Case willingly there's some assurances that we're not talking about an open ended type of situation but -- very finite one from the secretary of state. That's because this deal last for ten years and so people are going with the notion that since its last ten years -- that means that US troops will remain. In Afghanistan 32024. Carries restating the US position which is you know we needed a deal last that long but we don't -- don't really intend. Two key US troops here for that kind period. -- how long at a time period -- -- US troops there for what one baseline that we can use as a metric is 2017. That's at the time that the unites -- the United States is estimates that the Afghan air force is going to be fully capable. To rise and all the all of its missions -- -- that it needs. At that point probably the end of 2017. Which is what 45 years from now that's when they you can kind of -- that you might see -- US troop presence in Afghanistan. But again the administration has through officials are even talking to him as saying now this is not a -- and are going to be different at -- ten years we need some time. In which to continue to assist and train these Afghan forces you can't just leave him there. On the -- if they do everything we set up for the last ten years could fall apart. And -- just to give us some background here how many troops are we talking about still present and how many there obviously would be -- back for the United States. Well they're 47000. American troops in Afghanistan right now that numbers -- it down to 34000. In by the end of February. That is an objective that President Obama laid out earlier this year is part of the drive down. And then. And yet thought had been -- zero combat troops again -- -- all semantics here at. No more combat troops is the idea. That goal but you knew that we there was going to be some kind of a training mission. But taking place at the US wanted the big question remains how large will that force be. We've heard the estimates for six to 101000 American troops here but that's something apparently be announced by the president early next year. All right and Mohammed's we had a sense -- -- with Hamid Karzai's speech that. There is a desire for the United States if they remain to remain fully capable to deal with the Taliban. Is that the public consensus as well. Yeah absolutely you know you have to remember. This is America's longest war. American troops have been here in Afghanistan for twelve years now. More than 2000 American troops to block the -- countless thousands more have returned back home injured America has poured billions and billions of dollars into Afghanistan. America is acutely aware that it simply cannot pack up and leave without jeopardizing all of the games that -- -- here. The Afghans as well or very cognizant of the fact there are also big concern you know that if they don't -- it -- -- agreements. And America pulls its troops. Director of the international community will pull our troops and what -- debt load and warned once you start to dry up because foreign investors and donors we'll say we don't -- -- Afghanistan -- -- becoming too dangerous and then all of the thousands and thousands of reconstruction projects. An eight projects that are currently underway will effectively be -- to get your quick example that we might be short on time but we spent some time here with an Afghan American doctors who lived in Florida for 46 years. Payback infected him his life saving it will only lot of western medical clinic it was supposed to be a model. But the rest of the country he got an up and running through so much support from -- Department of Defense. Launched into great fanfare lo and behold what happened in the last few months the Afghan government the tablets and foreign funding dried up and we can't support the Clinton war. And that's one example of what could happen if. The act and don't ratify the deal all the Afghans we've spoken to are aware of this and they don't want those things to be locked down the -- and so. Most of them anyway acknowledged. That America still available here in Afghanistan and -- -- isn't finished. Adding to public opinion we have Afghanistan. Other presidential candidate would salt until he made the case that American troops should stay like they have in other countries -- analysts. The United States has -- -- -- Japan and Germany and Korea. So why not us. -- Afghanistan that that's something but the people Anderson did not know about that nobody has talked about it and mr. Kennedy. It erroneously I think and mentioned that we have no such deeds would any other country that is not true. We we have Afghans -- know that that is not true. And so -- -- -- those kinds of views with other countries and why shouldn't they treat Afghans and listen. OK so actually -- let me let me get your take on this there there's some push back there in terms of dissatisfaction with the deal that that is on the table currently. Out of -- to satisfaction -- -- say more along the lines of how long -- this years ago commitment going to be. Who as Mohammed is talking -- is that perception in Afghanistan I think. Among the population and it -- once some US forces to remain. They help assist them with there Afghan security forces -- question of how long and how much -- commitment. I'm you heard him talk there about the situation in Japan where the United States after the end of World War II remained in a negotiated an agreement. And we have several large bases with almost 30000 American troops there in Japan. Key ally. The message there that even though the security situation obviously improved dramatically -- years after. The World War II. And -- still needed an American military presence for the region and I think that's part of the message there that. The United States and maintaining a presence in this key region because you've got to remember. -- about a administration -- talking about how important Afghanistan Pakistan region as a whole is for America's security. It's not just in Afghanistan issue. It's an -- -- issue and the United States if it wants to maintain and gearing commitment to that area -- said it wants to do part of that is that by maintaining -- -- there. Rabies is Louis Martinez at the Pentagon thank you I also that they ABC's Mohammad Lila in -- Thank you both for joining us and he get a complete recap on For now time Hernandez -- New York.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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