Idaho's courts, like many states, allow defendants to ask the judge for an acquittal within several days of a jury verdict. The move is seldom made, however, and rarely successful.
It stems from Bundy's arrest on Aug. 25, 2020, after he refused to leave an auditorium in the Statehouse after officials ordered it to be cleared. Officers also said he went limp and refused to stand up and put his hands behind his back. Officers ultimately wheeled him out of the Capitol building on a swivel chair.
Bundy's arrest came the next day in an auditorium that was being used for lawmakers considering a measure on coronavirus-related liability. The meeting was halted and switched to another room after more than 100 protesters shouted down the lawmakers. Most attendees then left, but Bundy and some others decided to stay even after officers told them the room was closed to the public.
In court documents filed Thursday, Bundy’s attorney, Seth Diviney, asked the court to toss the guilty verdict returned July 1 and acquit Bundy of misdemeanor trespassing and misdemeanor resisting or obstructing officers.
Diviney contends that Idaho’s trespassing law is “unconstitutionally vague,” saying reasonable visitors to the Statehouse wouldn’t know whether the auditorium is open or closed to the public during normal business hours.
Bundy was sentenced to three days in jail but credited for time already served. Fourth District Magistrate Judge David Manweiler also ordered Bundy to complete 48 hours of community service and pay a $750 fine.
Bundy also filed two statements from Idaho lawmakers supporting his claims. Rep. Judy Boyle and Sen. Christy Zito — both Republicans who testified on Bundy's behalf at trial — say the Legislature never intended the trespassing law to be applied to public property.
During the trial, witnesses, including state House Speaker Scott Bedke, testified that the auditorium sometimes is open to the public, like during legislative hearings, but closed when it is not in use or when legislative leaders determine that shutting it is necessary to maintain decorum and order.
Bedke also noted that parts of the Statehouse are generally closed to the public at times, including lawmakers' offices.
Shortly after the jury returned the guilty verdict, Bundy tweeted that he had no intention to appeal, saying, “The people of Idaho have spoken and I will serve my sentence as ordered.”
Bundy garnered international attention when he led a group of armed activists in the 2016 occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon to protest federal control of public lands. He and others were eventually arrested, ending the 41-day occupation. An Oregon jury later acquitted Bundy of all federal charges in that case.
In 2014, Bundy, several of his brothers and his father led an armed standoff in Nevada with Bureau of Land Management agents who tried to confiscate his father’s cattle for grazing on public land without a permit. He spent almost two years in federal custody before the judge later declared a mistrial.
Ammon Bundy is running to be Idaho's next governor as a Republican in a crowded race. He moved to the state shortly after the occupation at the wildlife refuge but acknowledged at his trial that he has never registered to vote in Idaho.