In an interview Tuesday, Warren said the tax is necessary and dismissed the criticism from Bloomberg and Schultz, who are both considering using their wealth to fund a presidential campaign.
"Another billionaire who thinks that billionaires shouldn't pay more in taxes," she told The Associated Press. "No surprises — but that's also not how we're going to build a future for this country."
Warren formed a presidential exploratory committee last month. She unveiled a proposal last week that would add a 2 percent tax to U.S. households with net worth greater than $50 million, increasing it to 3 percent for net worth greater than $1 billion. Economists advising Warren project the new levy would hit less than the top 0.1 percent of households and that it would raise $2.75 trillion over 10 years.
It comes as the early days of the Democratic primary are dominated by a debate over the risks of staking out positions that opponents could brand as too liberal. Bloomberg, who is eyeing a White House run as a Democrat, has urged caution on policies related to taxes and health care. Schultz, who said this past weekend he's considering running for president as an independent, is also seeking to appeal to moderate voters.
Conservatives have lambasted Warren's idea as a violation of constitutional prohibitions on "direct" property taxes that are not applied proportionally to specific states, a criticism that Bloomberg echoed on Tuesday even as he allowed room to debate the current state of income tax rates.
"People earn money to pay their taxes, and then they don't expect the government to come back and take some of it away," he told reporters. "I think you can question whether or not we have the right tax rates."
Bloomberg noted that he criticized the tax cuts President Donald Trump and the GOP passed in late 2017 as overly skewed toward the wealthy, even as he linked Warren's proposal to the failings of socialism in South America.
"If you want to look at a system that is not capitalistic, just take a look at what was perhaps the wealthiest country in the world and today people are starving to death. It's called Venezuela," Bloomberg said.
But Bloomberg faces a steep climb in a Democratic party where more liberal candidates have captured early buzz, and Schultz is traveling an even harder road as Democrats fume that his candidacy could siphon votes from their nominee. That makes their animosity politically beneficial to Warren, who will face stiff competition from California Sen. Kamala Harris and her proposal for new middle-class tax credits as a means to boost economic equality.
Progressive Change Campaign Committee co-founder Adam Green, whose activist group backs Warren's nascent presidential bid, underscored the upside for Warren in taking on two ambitious multi-billionaires over her tax plan. "Not since 'Nevertheless, She Persisted' has a bigger political gift been handed to Elizabeth Warren than out-of-touch billionaires attacking her for wanting to tax their wealth to open up health care and educational opportunities for millions of voting Americans," Green said.
Ramer reported from Nashua, New Hampshire.